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A gold ring with an engraved portrait of Ptolemy VI Philometor (c. 186–145 BCE), a king of Egypt of the Ptolemaic dynasty, wearing the pschent. The ring dates to between the 3rd and 2nd centuries BCE.


From Ancient Greek ψχέντ (pskhént), from Late Egyptian pꜣ-sḫmtj (the two powerful ones), from pꜣ (definite article) + sḫmtj, dual of sḫmt (powerful one), from sḫm (to be powerful, to have power over). Less likely etymologies include Egyptian pꜣ-sḫntj (that which promotes), from pꜣ + sḫntj (to promote).



pschent (plural pschents)

  1. the double crown of ancient Egypt, combining the white crown of Upper Egypt with the red crown of Lower Egypt, worn by pharaohs after the union of the two kingdoms in around 3000 BC
    • 1922, James Joyce, Ulysses
      In his left eye flashes the monocle of Cashel Boyle O’Conner Fitzmaurice Tisdall Farrell. On his head is perched an Egyptian pshent. Two quills project over his ears.


Further reading[edit]



pschent m (plural pschents)

  1. pschent (the double crown of ancient Egypt)