risus

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See also: rīsus

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Perfect passive participle of rīdeō ‎(laugh).

Pronunciation[edit]

Participle[edit]

rīsus m ‎(feminine rīsa, neuter rīsum); first/second declension

  1. laughed at, ridiculed, mocked, having been ridiculed

Inflection[edit]

First/second declension.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
nominative rīsus rīsa rīsum rīsī rīsae rīsa
genitive rīsī rīsae rīsī rīsōrum rīsārum rīsōrum
dative rīsō rīsō rīsīs
accusative rīsum rīsam rīsum rīsōs rīsās rīsa
ablative rīsō rīsā rīsō rīsīs
vocative rīse rīsa rīsum rīsī rīsae rīsa

Noun[edit]

rīsus m ‎(genitive rīsūs); fourth declension

  1. laughter, laughing
  2. mockery, jest

Inflection[edit]

Fourth declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative rīsus rīsūs
genitive rīsūs rīsuum
dative rīsuī rīsibus
accusative rīsum rīsūs
ablative rīsū rīsibus
vocative rīsus rīsūs

Usage notes[edit]

  1. Often used with "movere" (risum movere) to mean "make [someone] laugh".

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • risus in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • risus in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • RISUS in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • risus in Félix Gaffiot (1934), Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Paris: Hachette.
  • Meissner, Carl; Auden, Henry William (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to begin to laugh: risum edere, tollere
    • to raise a laugh: risum movere, concitare
    • to make a person laugh: risum elicere (more strongly excutere) alicui
    • to try and raise a laugh: risum captare
    • to be scarcely able to restrain one's laughter: risum tenere vix posse
    • to be scarcely able to restrain one's laughter: risum aegre continere posse
    • to make a thing ridiculous, turn it into a joke: aliquid in risum vertere