Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search



Uncertain origin. Roberts assigns Proto-Indo-European *wert- in the sense of turning the mouth to smile; de Vaan finds no credible Indo-European origin and rejects connections to Sanskrit व्रीडते (vrīḍate, to be shy, bashful).



rīdeō (present infinitive rīdēre, perfect active rīsī, supine rīsum); second conjugation

  1. (intransitive) I laugh.
  2. (transitive) I laugh at, ridicule, mock.


   Conjugation of rīdeō (second conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present rīdeō rīdēs rīdet rīdēmus rīdētis rīdent
imperfect rīdēbam rīdēbās rīdēbat rīdēbāmus rīdēbātis rīdēbant
future rīdēbō rīdēbis rīdēbit rīdēbimus rīdēbitis rīdēbunt
perfect rīsī rīsistī rīsit rīsimus rīsistis rīsērunt, rīsēre
pluperfect rīseram rīserās rīserat rīserāmus rīserātis rīserant
future perfect rīserō rīseris rīserit rīserimus rīseritis rīserint
passive present rīdeor rīdēris, rīdēre rīdētur rīdēmur rīdēminī rīdentur
imperfect rīdēbar rīdēbāris, rīdēbāre rīdēbātur rīdēbāmur rīdēbāminī rīdēbantur
future rīdēbor rīdēberis, rīdēbere rīdēbitur rīdēbimur rīdēbiminī rīdēbuntur
perfect rīsus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect rīsus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect rīsus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present rīdeam rīdeās rīdeat rīdeāmus rīdeātis rīdeant
imperfect rīdērem rīdērēs rīdēret rīdērēmus rīdērētis rīdērent
perfect rīserim rīserīs rīserit rīserīmus rīserītis rīserint
pluperfect rīsissem rīsissēs rīsisset rīsissēmus rīsissētis rīsissent
passive present rīdear rīdeāris, rīdeāre rīdeātur rīdeāmur rīdeāminī rīdeantur
imperfect rīdērer rīdērēris, rīdērēre rīdērētur rīdērēmur rīdērēminī rīdērentur
perfect rīsus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect rīsus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present rīdē rīdēte
future rīdētō rīdētō rīdētōte rīdentō
passive present rīdēre rīdēminī
future rīdētor rīdētor rīdentor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives rīdēre rīsisse rīsūrum esse rīdērī rīsum esse rīsum īrī
participles rīdēns rīsūrus rīsus rīdendus
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
rīdendī rīdendō rīdendum rīdendō rīsum rīsū

Derived terms[edit]


Further reading[edit]

  • rideo in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • rideo in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • rideo in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Roberts, Edward A. (2014) A Comprehensive Etymological Dictionary of the Spanish Language with Families of Words based on Indo-European Roots, volume II, Xlibris Corporation, →ISBN
  • De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7)‎[1], Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN