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From Proto-Indo-European *h₃rewk-. Cognate with Ancient Greek ὀρύσσω ‎(orússō).



runcō ‎(present infinitive runcāre, perfect active runcāvī, supine runcātum); first conjugation

  1. I weed, clear of weeds
  2. I weed out, thin out, root up.


   Conjugation of runco (first conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present runcō runcās runcat runcāmus runcātis runcant
imperfect runcābam runcābās runcābat runcābāmus runcābātis runcābant
future runcābō runcābis runcābit runcābimus runcābitis runcābunt
perfect runcāvī runcāvistī runcāvit runcāvimus runcāvistis runcāvērunt, runcāvēre
pluperfect runcāveram runcāverās runcāverat runcāverāmus runcāverātis runcāverant
future perfect runcāverō runcāveris runcāverit runcāverimus runcāveritis runcāverint
passive present runcor runcāris, runcāre runcātur runcāmur runcāminī runcantur
imperfect runcābar runcābāris, runcābāre runcābātur runcābāmur runcābāminī runcābantur
future runcābor runcāberis, runcābere runcābitur runcābimur runcābiminī runcābuntur
perfect runcātus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect runcātus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect runcātus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present runcem runcēs runcet runcēmus runcētis runcent
imperfect runcārem runcārēs runcāret runcārēmus runcārētis runcārent
perfect runcāverim runcāverīs runcāverit runcāverīmus runcāverītis runcāverint
pluperfect runcāvissem runcāvissēs runcāvisset runcāvissēmus runcāvissētis runcāvissent
passive present runcer runcēris, runcēre runcētur runcēmur runcēminī runcentur
imperfect runcārer runcārēris, runcārēre runcārētur runcārēmur runcārēminī runcārentur
perfect runcātus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect runcātus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present runcā runcāte
future runcātō runcātō runcātōte runcantō
passive present runcāre runcāminī
future runcātor runcātor runcantor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives runcāre runcāvisse runcātūrus esse runcārī runcātus esse runcātum īrī
participles runcāns runcātūrus runcātus runcandus
verbal nouns gerund supine
nominative genitive dative/ablative accusative accusative ablative
runcāre runcandī runcandō runcandum runcātum runcātū

Derived terms[edit]