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See also: serv and Serv.





Shortened from the obsolete sérvés (injury, swelling, hernia). Created during the Hungarian language reform, which took place in the 18th–19th centuries. The obsolete noun was derived from the v- root of the verbs sérül (to become injured), sért (to injure, damage) with the noun-forming suffix -és. [1]





sérv (plural sérvek)

  1. (pathology) hernia (part of the body protruding abnormally through a tear or opening in an adjacent part)


Inflection (stem in -e-, front unrounded harmony)
singular plural
nominative sérv sérvek
accusative sérvet sérveket
dative sérvnek sérveknek
instrumental sérvvel sérvekkel
causal-final sérvért sérvekért
translative sérvvé sérvekké
terminative sérvig sérvekig
essive-formal sérvként sérvekként
inessive sérvben sérvekben
superessive sérven sérveken
adessive sérvnél sérveknél
illative sérvbe sérvekbe
sublative sérvre sérvekre
allative sérvhez sérvekhez
elative sérvből sérvekből
delative sérvről sérvekről
ablative sérvtől sérvektől
possessive - singular
sérvé sérveké
possessive - plural
sérvéi sérvekéi
Possessive forms of sérv
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. sérvem sérveim
2nd person sing. sérved sérveid
3rd person sing. sérve sérvei
1st person plural sérvünk sérveink
2nd person plural sérvetek sérveitek
3rd person plural sérvük sérveik

Derived terms



  1. ^ sérv in Zaicz, Gábor (ed.). Etimológiai szótár: Magyar szavak és toldalékok eredete (‘Dictionary of Etymology: The origin of Hungarian words and affixes’). Budapest: Tinta Könyvkiadó, 2006, →ISBN.  (See also its 2nd edition.)

Further reading

  • sérv in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh. A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (‘The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’, abbr.: ÉrtSz.). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN