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Alternative forms[edit]


Possibly from Proto-Indo-European *seh₁-(to sow). Or, from *sh₂ey-(to bind, knit, tie together, tie to, connect) + *-tlom(instrumental suffix) (whence Latin -culum), in the sense of successive generations being linked together over time. Confer Lithuanian sėkla and Gaulish Sētlocenia.



saeculum n (genitive saeculī); second declension

  1. race, breed
  2. generation, lifetime
  3. age, time
  4. century
  5. worldliness; the world


Second declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative saeculum saecula
genitive saeculī saeculōrum
dative saeculō saeculīs
accusative saeculum saecula
ablative saeculō saeculīs
vocative saeculum saecula

Derived terms[edit]



  • saeculum in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • saeculum in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • SAECULUM in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • Félix Gaffiot (1934), Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Paris: Hachette, s.v.saeculum”.
  • Meissner, Carl; Auden, Henry William (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • the spirit of the times, the fashion: saeculi consuetudo or ratio atque inclinatio temporis (temporum)
    • universal history: omnis memoria, omnis memoria aetatum, temporum, civitatum or omnium rerum, gentium, temporum, saeculorum memoria
  • saeculum in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • saeculum in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin
  • Calvert Watkins, The American Heritage Dictionary of Indo-European Roots, Boston: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 1985, page 61, root sē-
  • Tucker, T.G., Etymological Dictionary of Latin, Ares Publishers, 1976 (reprint of 1931 edition).
  • Andrew L. Sihler (1995) New Comparative Grammar of Greek and Latin, New York, Oxford, Oxford University Press