shaya

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See also: shāyǎ

Zulu[edit]

Etymology[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Verb[edit]

-shaya?

  1. (transitive) to hit, to strike, to beat
  2. (transitive) to punish
  3. (transitive) to sentence
  4. (transitive) to play (a percussion instrument)

Inflection[edit]

Tone L
Infinitive ukushaya
Positive Negative
Infinitive ukushaya ukungashayi
Imperative
Simple + object concord
Singular shaya shaye
Plural shayani shayeni
Present
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyashaya, ngishaya engiyashaya, engishaya ngishaya angishayi engingashayi ngingashayi
2nd singular uyashaya, ushaya oyashaya, oshaya ushaya awushayi ongashayi ungashayi
1st plural siyashaya, sishaya esiyashaya, esishaya sishaya asishayi esingashayi singashayi
2nd plural niyashaya, nishaya eniyashaya, enishaya nishaya anishayi eningashayi ningashayi
Class 1 uyashaya, ushaya oyashaya, oshaya eshaya akashayi ongashayi engashayi
Class 2 bayashaya, bashaya abayashaya, abashaya beshaya abashayi abangashayi bengashayi
Class 3 uyashaya, ushaya oyashaya, oshaya ushaya awushayi ongashayi ungashayi
Class 4 iyashaya, ishaya eyashaya, eshaya ishaya ayishayi engashayi ingashayi
Class 5 liyashaya, lishaya eliyashaya, elishaya lishaya alishayi elingashayi lingashayi
Class 6 ayashaya, ashaya ayashaya, ashaya eshaya awashayi angashayi engashayi
Class 7 siyashaya, sishaya esiyashaya, esishaya sishaya asishayi esingashayi singashayi
Class 8 ziyashaya, zishaya eziyashaya, ezishaya zishaya azishayi ezingashayi zingashayi
Class 9 iyashaya, ishaya eyashaya, eshaya ishaya ayishayi engashayi ingashayi
Class 10 ziyashaya, zishaya eziyashaya, ezishaya zishaya azishayi ezingashayi zingashayi
Class 11 luyashaya, lushaya oluyashaya, olushaya lushaya alushayi olungashayi lungashayi
Class 14 buyashaya, bushaya obuyashaya, obushaya bushaya abushayi obungashayi bungashayi
Class 15 kuyashaya, kushaya okuyashaya, okushaya kushaya akushayi okungashayi kungashayi
Class 17 kuyashaya, kushaya okuyashaya, okushaya kushaya akushayi okungashayi kungashayi
Recent past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngishayile, ngishayē engishayile, engishayē ngishayile, ngishayē angishayanga engingashayanga ngingashayanga
2nd singular ushayile, ushayē oshayile, oshayē ushayile, ushayē awushayanga ongashayanga ungashayanga
1st plural sishayile, sishayē esishayile, esishayē sishayile, sishayē asishayanga esingashayanga singashayanga
2nd plural nishayile, nishayē enishayile, enishayē nishayile, nishayē anishayanga eningashayanga ningashayanga
Class 1 ushayile, ushayē oshayile, oshayē eshayile, eshayē akashayanga ongashayanga engashayanga
Class 2 bashayile, bashayē abashayile, abashayē beshayile, beshayē abashayanga abangashayanga bengashayanga
Class 3 ushayile, ushayē oshayile, oshayē ushayile, ushayē awushayanga ongashayanga ungashayanga
Class 4 ishayile, ishayē eshayile, eshayē ishayile, ishayē ayishayanga engashayanga ingashayanga
Class 5 lishayile, lishayē elishayile, elishayē lishayile, lishayē alishayanga elingashayanga lingashayanga
Class 6 ashayile, ashayē ashayile, ashayē eshayile, eshayē awashayanga angashayanga engashayanga
Class 7 sishayile, sishayē esishayile, esishayē sishayile, sishayē asishayanga esingashayanga singashayanga
Class 8 zishayile, zishayē ezishayile, ezishayē zishayile, zishayē azishayanga ezingashayanga zingashayanga
Class 9 ishayile, ishayē eshayile, eshayē ishayile, ishayē ayishayanga engashayanga ingashayanga
Class 10 zishayile, zishayē ezishayile, ezishayē zishayile, zishayē azishayanga ezingashayanga zingashayanga
Class 11 lushayile, lushayē olushayile, olushayē lushayile, lushayē alushayanga olungashayanga lungashayanga
Class 14 bushayile, bushayē obushayile, obushayē bushayile, bushayē abushayanga obungashayanga bungashayanga
Class 15 kushayile, kushayē okushayile, okushayē kushayile, kushayē akushayanga okungashayanga kungashayanga
Class 17 kushayile, kushayē okushayile, okushayē kushayile, kushayē akushayanga okungashayanga kungashayanga
Remote past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngāshaya engāshaya ngāshaya angishayanga engingashayanga ngingashayanga
2nd singular wāshaya owāshaya wāshaya awushayanga ongashayanga ungashayanga
1st plural sāshaya esāshaya sāshaya asishayanga esingashayanga singashayanga
2nd plural nāshaya enāshaya nāshaya anishayanga eningashayanga ningashayanga
Class 1 wāshaya owāshaya āshaya akashayanga ongashayanga engashayanga
Class 2 bāshaya abāshaya bāshaya abashayanga abangashayanga bengashayanga
Class 3 wāshaya owāshaya wāshaya awushayanga ongashayanga ungashayanga
Class 4 yāshaya eyāshaya yāshaya ayishayanga engashayanga ingashayanga
Class 5 lāshaya elāshaya lāshaya alishayanga elingashayanga lingashayanga
Class 6 āshaya āshaya āshaya awashayanga angashayanga engashayanga
Class 7 sāshaya esāshaya sāshaya asishayanga esingashayanga singashayanga
Class 8 zāshaya ezāshaya zāshaya azishayanga ezingashayanga zingashayanga
Class 9 yāshaya eyāshaya yāshaya ayishayanga engashayanga ingashayanga
Class 10 zāshaya ezāshaya zāshaya azishayanga ezingashayanga zingashayanga
Class 11 lwāshaya olwāshaya lwāshaya alushayanga olungashayanga lungashayanga
Class 14 bāshaya obāshaya bāshaya abushayanga obungashayanga bungashayanga
Class 15 kwāshaya okwāshaya kwāshaya akushayanga okungashayanga kungashayanga
Class 17 kwāshaya okwāshaya kwāshaya akushayanga okungashayanga kungashayanga
Potential
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngingashaya ngingashaya ngingeshaye ngingeshaye
2nd singular ungashaya ungashaya ungeshaye ungeshaye
1st plural singashaya singashaya singeshaye singeshaye
2nd plural ningashaya ningashaya ningeshaye ningeshaye
Class 1 angashaya engashaya angeshaye engeshaye
Class 2 bangashaya bengashaya bangeshaye bengeshaye
Class 3 ungashaya ungashaya ungeshaye ungeshaye
Class 4 ingashaya ingashaya ingeshaye ingeshaye
Class 5 lingashaya lingashaya lingeshaye lingeshaye
Class 6 angashaya engashaya angeshaye engeshaye
Class 7 singashaya singashaya singeshaye singeshaye
Class 8 zingashaya zingashaya zingeshaye zingeshaye
Class 9 ingashaya ingashaya ingeshaye ingeshaye
Class 10 zingashaya zingashaya zingeshaye zingeshaye
Class 11 lungashaya lungashaya lungeshaye lungeshaye
Class 14 bungashaya bungashaya bungeshaye bungeshaye
Class 15 kungashaya kungashaya kungeshaye kungeshaye
Class 17 kungashaya kungashaya kungeshaye kungeshaye
Immediate future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngizoshaya engizoshaya ngizoshaya angizushaya ngingezushaya
2nd singular uzoshaya ozoshaya uzoshaya awuzushaya ungezushaya
1st plural sizoshaya esizoshaya sizoshaya asizushaya singezushaya
2nd plural nizoshaya enizoshaya nizoshaya anizushaya ningezushaya
Class 1 uzoshaya ozoshaya ezoshaya akazushaya engezushaya
Class 2 bazoshaya abazoshaya bezoshaya abazushaya bengezushaya
Class 3 uzoshaya ozoshaya uzoshaya awuzushaya ungezushaya
Class 4 izoshaya ezoshaya izoshaya ayizushaya ingezushaya
Class 5 lizoshaya elizoshaya lizoshaya alizushaya lingezushaya
Class 6 azoshaya azoshaya ezoshaya awazushaya engezushaya
Class 7 sizoshaya esizoshaya sizoshaya asizushaya singezushaya
Class 8 zizoshaya ezizoshaya zizoshaya azizushaya zingezushaya
Class 9 izoshaya ezoshaya izoshaya ayizushaya ingezushaya
Class 10 zizoshaya ezizoshaya zizoshaya azizushaya zingezushaya
Class 11 luzoshaya oluzoshaya luzoshaya aluzushaya lungezushaya
Class 14 buzoshaya obuzoshaya buzoshaya abuzushaya bungezushaya
Class 15 kuzoshaya okuzoshaya kuzoshaya akuzushaya kungezushaya
Class 17 kuzoshaya okuzoshaya kuzoshaya akuzushaya kungezushaya
Remote future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyoshaya engiyoshaya ngiyoshaya angiyushaya ngingeyushaya
2nd singular uyoshaya oyoshaya uyoshaya awuyushaya ungeyushaya
1st plural siyoshaya esiyoshaya siyoshaya asiyushaya singeyushaya
2nd plural niyoshaya eniyoshaya niyoshaya aniyushaya ningeyushaya
Class 1 uyoshaya oyoshaya eyoshaya akayushaya engeyushaya
Class 2 bayoshaya abayoshaya beyoshaya abayushaya bengeyushaya
Class 3 uyoshaya oyoshaya uyoshaya awuyushaya ungeyushaya
Class 4 iyoshaya eyoshaya iyoshaya ayiyushaya ingeyushaya
Class 5 liyoshaya eliyoshaya liyoshaya aliyushaya lingeyushaya
Class 6 ayoshaya ayoshaya eyoshaya awayushaya engeyushaya
Class 7 siyoshaya esiyoshaya siyoshaya asiyushaya singeyushaya
Class 8 ziyoshaya eziyoshaya ziyoshaya aziyushaya zingeyushaya
Class 9 iyoshaya eyoshaya iyoshaya ayiyushaya ingeyushaya
Class 10 ziyoshaya eziyoshaya ziyoshaya aziyushaya zingeyushaya
Class 11 luyoshaya oluyoshaya luyoshaya aluyushaya lungeyushaya
Class 14 buyoshaya obuyoshaya buyoshaya abuyushaya bungeyushaya
Class 15 kuyoshaya okuyoshaya kuyoshaya akuyushaya kungeyushaya
Class 17 kuyoshaya okuyoshaya kuyoshaya akuyushaya kungeyushaya
Present subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngishaye ngingashayi
2nd singular ushaye ungashayi
1st plural sishaye singashayi
2nd plural nishaye ningashayi
Class 1 ashaye angashayi
Class 2 bashaye bangashayi
Class 3 ushaye ungashayi
Class 4 ishaye ingashayi
Class 5 lishaye lingashayi
Class 6 ashaye angashayi
Class 7 sishaye singashayi
Class 8 zishaye zingashayi
Class 9 ishaye ingashayi
Class 10 zishaye zingashayi
Class 11 lushaye lungashayi
Class 14 bushaye bungashayi
Class 15 kushaye kungashayi
Class 17 kushaye kungashayi
Past subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngashaya angishaya
2nd singular washaya awushaya
1st plural sashaya asishaya
2nd plural nashaya anishaya
Class 1 washaya akashaya
Class 2 bashaya abashaya
Class 3 washaya awushaya
Class 4 yashaya ayishaya
Class 5 lashaya alishaya
Class 6 ashaya awashaya
Class 7 sashaya asishaya
Class 8 zashaya azishaya
Class 9 yashaya ayishaya
Class 10 zashaya azishaya
Class 11 lwashaya alushaya
Class 14 bashaya abushaya
Class 15 kwashaya akushaya
Class 17 kwashaya akushaya

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]