sormi

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See also: sõrmi

Finnish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *sormi, from Proto-Finno-Ugric *sorme. Cognates include Estonian sõrm, Northern Sami suorbma and Erzya сур (sur).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈsormi/, [ˈs̠o̞rmi]
  • Rhymes: -ormi
  • Syllabification: sor‧mi

Noun[edit]

sormi

  1. (anatomy) finger (one of the five extremities of the hand)
    Ihmiskädessä on viisi sormea: peukalo, etusormi, keskisormi, nimetön ja pikkusormi.
    The human hand has five fingers: the thumb, the forefinger, the middle finger, the ring finger and the little finger.
  2. finger (extremity of an animal's forelimb, which resembles human finger)
  3. finger (any object which resembles a finger, such as a part of a mechanical device)

Declension[edit]

Inflection of sormi (Kotus type 7/ovi, no gradation)
nominative sormi sormet
genitive sormen sormien
partitive sormea sormia
illative sormeen sormiin
singular plural
nominative sormi sormet
accusative nom. sormi sormet
gen. sormen
genitive sormen sormien
partitive sormea sormia
inessive sormessa sormissa
elative sormesta sormista
illative sormeen sormiin
adessive sormella sormilla
ablative sormelta sormilta
allative sormelle sormille
essive sormena sormina
translative sormeksi sormiksi
instructive sormin
abessive sormetta sormitta
comitative sormineen
Possessive forms of sormi (type ovi)
possessor singular plural
1st person sormeni sormemme
2nd person sormesi sormenne
3rd person sormensa

Derived terms[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Ingrian[edit]

Sormi.

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *sormi, from Proto-Uralic *sorme. Cognates include Finnish sormi and Estonian sõrm.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

sormi (genitive sormen, partitive sormia)

  1. finger

Declension[edit]

Declension of sormi (type 5/lehti, no gradation)
singular plural
nominative sormi sormet
genitive sormen sormiin, sormiloin
partitive sormia sormija, sormiloja
illative sormee sormii, sormiloihe
inessive sormees sormiis, sormilois
elative sormest sormist, sormiloist
allative sormelle sormille, sormiloille
adessive sormeel sormiil, sormiloil
ablative sormelt sormilt, sormiloilt
translative sormeks sormiks, sormiloiks
essive sormenna, sormeen sorminna, sormiloinna, sormiin, sormiloiheen
exessive1) sorment sormint, sormiloint
1) obsolete
*) the accusative corresponds with either the genitive (sg) or nominative (pl)
**) the comitative is formed by adding the suffix -ka? or -kä? to the genitive.

References[edit]

  • V. I. Junus (1936) Iƶoran Keelen Grammatikka[1], Leningrad: Riikin Ucebno-pedagogiceskoi Izdateljstva, page 62
  • Ruben E. Nirvi (1971) Inkeroismurteiden Sanakirja, Helsinki: Suomalais-Ugrilainen Seura, page 540

Karelian[edit]

Noun[edit]

sormi

  1. finger

Livvi[edit]

Sormi.

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *sormi. Cognates include Finnish sormi and Estonian sõrm.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈsormi/
  • Hyphenation: sor‧mi
  • Rhymes: -ormi

Noun[edit]

sormi (genitive sormen, partitive sormie)

  1. finger

Declension[edit]

Declension of sormi (Type 13/nogi, no gradation)
singular plural
nominative sormi sormet
genitive sormen sormiin,
sormiloin
partitive sormie sormii,
sormiloi
illative sormeh sormiih,
sormiloih
inessive sormes sormiis,
sormilois
elative sormespäi sormiispäi,
sormiloispäi
allative sormele sormiile,
sormiloile
adessive sormel sormiil,
sormiloil
ablative sormelpäi sormiilpäi,
sormiloilpäi
translative sormekse sormiikse,
sormiloikse
essive sormennu sormiinnu,
sormiloinnu
abessive sormettah sormiittah,
sormiloittah
comitative sormenke sormiinke,
sormiloinke
instructive sormiin,
sormiloin
prolative sormeči

References[edit]

  • Tatjana Boiko (2019), “sormi”, in Suuri Karjal-Venʹalaine Sanakniigu (livvin murreh) [The Big Karelian-Russian dictionary (Livvi dialect)], 2nd edition, →ISBN