svars

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Danish[edit]

Noun[edit]

svars n

  1. genitive singular indefinite of svar
  2. genitive plural indefinite of svar

Latvian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Derived from svērt (to weigh) (q.v.), with stem vowel change (ē > a). Cognates include Lithuanian svãras (weight, counterbalance, pound), svarùs (heavy; important).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

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Noun[edit]

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 Svars (1) on Latvian Wikipedia

Wikipedia lv

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 Svari (3) on Latvian Wikipedia

Wikipedia lv

Svari (3)

svars m (1st declension)

  1. (physics, usually singular) weight (force acting on a body in a gravitational field; specifically, force exerted by the Earth on other bodies in its vicinity)
    svara vektorsweight vector
    satverot kādu priekšmetu rokās, tā smaguma spēku novērtējam kā priekšmeta svaru — grasping an object in our hands, we estimate the force of gravity on it as the object's weight
  2. mass, weight (the amount of matter in a body)
    noteikt svaru — to determine the weight
    svara mērvienībasweight units
    saiņa svars ir 5 kg — the weight of the package is 5 kg
    svara pieaugumsweight gain, increase
    pieņemties, kristies svarā — to gain, to lose weight
    bruto, neto svars — gross, net weight
    svaru kategorijaweight category (e.g., in boxing)
  3. (only plural) scales, balance (instrument for measuring weight)
    atsperu svari — spring scales
    automātiskie, elektroniskie svari — automatic, electronic scales
    aptiekas svari — pharmacy scales
    svaru bumbasscales, balance weights (lit. balls)
    likt uz svariem — to put (something) on the scales

Declension[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

The words masa (mass) and svars (weight) are strictly distinct in physics, but generally used as near synonyms in everyday language.

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ “svars” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (Rīga: AVOTS) ISBN: 9984-700-12-7.

Swedish[edit]

Noun[edit]

svars

  1. indefinite genitive singular of svar
  2. indefinite genitive plural of svar