svars

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See also: svärs

Danish[edit]

Noun[edit]

svars n

  1. genitive singular indefinite of svar
  2. genitive plural indefinite of svar

Icelandic[edit]

Noun[edit]

svars

  1. indefinite genitive singular of svar

Latvian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Derived from svērt (to weigh) (q.v.), with stem vowel change (ē > a). Cognates include Lithuanian svãras (weight, counterbalance, pound), svarùs (heavy; important).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

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Noun[edit]

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 svars (1) on Latvian Wikipedia
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 svari (3) on Latvian Wikipedia
Svari (3)

svars m (1st declension)

  1. (physics, usually singular) weight (force acting on a body in a gravitational field; specifically, force exerted by the Earth on other bodies in its vicinity)
    svara vektorsweight vector
    satverot kādu priekšmetu rokās, tā smaguma spēku novērtējam kā priekšmeta svarugrasping an object in our hands, we estimate the force of gravity on it as the object's weight
  2. mass, weight (the amount of matter in a body)
    noteikt svaruto determine the weight
    svara mērvienībasweight units
    saiņa svars ir 5 kgthe weight of the package is 5 kg
    svara pieaugumsweight gain, increase
    pieņemties, kristies svarāto gain, to lose weight
    bruto, neto svarsgross, net weight
    svaru kategorijaweight category (e.g., in boxing)
  3. (only plural) scales, balance (instrument for measuring weight)
    atsperu svarispring scales
    automātiskie, elektroniskie svariautomatic, electronic scales
    aptiekas svaripharmacy scales
    svaru bumbasscales, balance weights (lit. balls)
    likt uz svariemto put (something) on the scales

Declension[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

The words masa (mass) and svars (weight) are strictly distinct in physics, but generally used as near synonyms in everyday language.

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “svars”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7

Swedish[edit]

Noun[edit]

svars

  1. indefinite genitive singular of svar
  2. indefinite genitive plural of svar