tocayo

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Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Unknown. First attested in 1739. Attributed by folk etymology to the Latin bridal formula "Ubi Gāius ego Gāia" (literally where you are Gaius, I am Gaia). More likely a Mexican Spanish term from Classical Nahuatl tōcāyoh (one who has a name, person of renown), the possessive form of the noun tōcāitl (name), via its possessed form, as in notōcāyoh (my name-haver, one having my name); contrast with notōca (my name) and notōcāyō (my fame); compare synonymous colombroño, ultimately from Latin cōgnōmen (surname, name).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /toˈkaɟ͡ʝo/, [t̪oˈkaʝo]

Noun[edit]

tocayo m (plural tocayos, feminine tocaya, feminine plural tocayas)

  1. namesake (person having the same name)
    Synonym: colombroño (rare)
    • 1909, José de la Colina, De libertades fantasmas o de la literatuta como juego, Fondo de Cultura Economica →ISBN
      Pero espero que consienta usted en esta entrevista, puesto que se hará entre hermanos y tocayos. —Tú eres mi tocayo, pero no mi hermano. Para mí, eres un perfecto desconocido, o siquiera un imperfecto desconocido.
    • 2007, Julio Cortázar, La vuelta al día en ochenta mundos, Siglo XXI de España Editores →ISBN, page 7
      A mi tocayo le debo el título de este libro y a Lester Young la libertad de alterarlo sin ofender la saga planetaria de Phileas Fogg, Esq. Una noche en que Lester llenaba de humo y lluvia la melodía de Three Little Words, sentí más que nunca []
      To my namesake I owe the title of this book and to Lester Young the freedom to alter it without offending the planetary saga of Phileas Fogg, Esq. One night when Lester was filling with smoke and rain the melody of Three Little Words, I felt more than ever []

Descendants[edit]

  • Bikol Central: tokayo
  • Cebuano: tokayo
  • Portuguese: tocaio
  • Tagalog: tokayo

Further reading[edit]

References[edit]

  • Carlos Montemayor et al. (2009) Diccionario del náhuatl en el español de México, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, page 403