Gaia

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See also: gaia

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

British scientist, environmentalist, and futurist James Lovelock, c. 1960. Lovelock first used the word Gaia to describe the ecosystem of the Earth regarded as a self-regulating organism (sense 1).

Borrowed from Ancient Greek Γαῖᾰ (Gaîa, Gaea, the Earth personified as a goddess), from γαῖᾰ (gaîa, the Earth), probably related to γῆ (, earth, land; country).

Sense 1 was coined by the British scientist, environmentalist, and futurist James Lovelock (born 1919), at the suggestion of the British novelist, playwright, and poet William Golding (1911–1993).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Gaia

  1. (ecology) The ecosystem of the Earth regarded as a self-regulating organism. [from 20th c.]
  2. (Greek mythology) Alternative form of Gaea (Greek goddess personifying the Earth).

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gaia” (US) / “Gaia” (UK) in Oxford Dictionaries, Oxford University Press.

Further reading[edit]


Finnish[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Gaia

  1. (Greek mythology) Gaea

Declension[edit]

Inflection of Gaia (Kotus type 12/kulkija, no gradation)
nominative Gaia
genitive Gaian
partitive Gaiaa
illative Gaiaan
singular plural
nominative Gaia
accusative nom. Gaia
gen. Gaian
genitive Gaian
partitive Gaiaa
inessive Gaiassa
elative Gaiasta
illative Gaiaan
adessive Gaialla
ablative Gaialta
allative Gaialle
essive Gaiana
translative Gaiaksi
instructive
abessive Gaiatta
comitative

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Feminine form of Gāius.

Proper noun[edit]

Gāia f (genitive Gāiae); first declension

  1. A feminine praenomen.

Inflection[edit]

First declension.

Case Singular
nominative Gāia
genitive Gāiae
dative Gāiae
accusative Gāiam
ablative Gāiā
vocative Gāia

Portuguese[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Gaia f

  1. (Greek mythology) Gaea (the earth, daughter of Chaos)