tveir

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Faroese[edit]

Faroese cardinal numbers
 <  1 2 3  > 
    Cardinal : tveir
    Ordinal : annar
    Multiplier : tvífaldur
    Distributive : tvinnir
    Collective : báðir
    Fractional : hálvur

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse tveir, from Proto-Germanic *twai, from Proto-Indo-European *dwóh₁.

Numeral[edit]

tveir

  1. two

Declension[edit]

tveir, tvær, tvey (two) - numeral
Normal form m f n
Nominative (hvørfall) tveir tvær tvey
Accusative (hvønnfall) tveir, tvá†, tógva†, tóa
Dative (hvørjumfall) tveimum, tveim
Genitive (hvørsfall) (tveggja)
Pair-form m f n
Nominative (hvørfall) tvinnir tvinnar tvinni
Accusative (hvønnfall) tvinnar
Dative (hvørjumfall) tvinnum
Genitive (hvørsfall) (tvinna)

Icelandic[edit]

Icelandic cardinal numbers
 <  1 2 3  > 
    Cardinal : tveir
    Ordinal : annar

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse tveir, from Proto-Germanic *twai.[1] Cognates include Faroese tveir and Danish to.

Pronunciation[edit]

Numeral[edit]

tveir (feminine tvær, neuter tvö)

  1. two

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ásgeir Blöndal MagnússonÍslensk orðsifjabók, 1st edition, 2nd printing (1989). Reykjavík, Orðabók Háskólans, page 1076.

Old Norse[edit]

Old Norse cardinal numbers
 <  1 2 3  > 
    Cardinal : tveir
    Ordinal : annarr
    Adverbial : tvisvar
    Multiplier : tvífaldr
    Collective : báðir
    Fractional : halfr

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *twai, whence also Old English twā (English two), Old Frisian twā, Old Saxon twā, twō, Dutch twee, German zwei, Gothic 𐍄𐍅𐌰𐌹 (twai). Compare also Old English twēġen (English twain), Old Saxon twēne, Old High German zwēne (German zween). Ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *dwóh₁, whence also Latin duo, Ancient Greek δύο (dúo).

Numeral[edit]

tveir (feminine tvær, neuter tvau)

  1. two

Declension[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Icelandic: tveir m
  • Faroese: tveir m
  • Norwegian Nynorsk: tvo, to; tvei m
  • Norwegian: (dialectal) tvó, ; två, tveir m
  • Old Swedish: tvēr, tvā m
  • Old Danish: twā, two, to
    • Danish: to
      • Norwegian Bokmål: to
        • Norwegian Nynorsk: to
  • Gutnish: twair m
  • Dalian: tver, twèr m or f
  • Westrobothnian: tjwo, two, to
  • Old Frisian: twēr

Note that undeclined forms två in Swedish and to in Danish, and tvo in Norwegian are derived from the Old Norse masculine accusative, tvá.

References[edit]

  • tveir in Geir T. Zoëga (1910) A Concise Dictionary of Old Icelandic, Oxford: Clarendon Press