typhus

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From New Latin typhus, from Ancient Greek τῦφος (tûphos, fever, stupor), from τύφω (túphō, to smoke), from Proto-Indo-European *dʰubʰ-, extended form of *dʰew- (scatter like dust).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

typhus (usually uncountable, plural typhuses)

  1. (pathology) One of several similar diseases, characterised by high recurrent fever, caused by Rickettsia bacteria. Not to be confused with typhoid fever.
    • 2019, Bill Bryson, The Body: A Guide for Occupants, Black Swan (2020), page 377:
      Typhoid and typhus have similar names and symptoms, but are different diseases.

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Further reading[edit]


French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From New Latin, from Ancient Greek; see above.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ti.fys/
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

typhus m (plural typhus)

  1. typhus

Further reading[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Early modern coinage from Ancient Greek τῦφος (tûphos, fever, stupor).

Noun[edit]

typhus m (genitive typhī); second declension

  1. (medicine) a form, type, or character of a fever.
    1. (Medieval Latin) A periodic fever.

Declension[edit]

Second-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative typhus typhī
Genitive typhī typhōrum
Dative typhō typhīs
Accusative typhum typhōs
Ablative typhō typhīs
Vocative typhe typhī