աչք

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Armenian[edit]

աչք

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Armenian աչք (ačʿkʿ); see it for more.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

աչք (ačʿkʿ)

  1. (anatomy) eye
    կապույտ աչքերkapuyt ačʿkʿer ― blue eyes

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

  • (archaic) ակն (akn) (akn)

Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *h₃okʷih₁ (both eyes), dual of *h₃okʷ-, *h₃ekʷ- (eye), +‎ (-kʿ).

Noun[edit]

աչք (ačʿkʿpl 

  1. eyes; sight; look
    աչս արձակել՝ արկանելačʿs arjakel, arkanel ― to cast eyes upon, to desire
    ըստ աչս դատելəst ačʿs datel ― to judge by first sight
    յաչս դնելyačʿs dnel ― to despise
    առ աչս հայելaṙ ačʿs hayel ― to pay respect to persons
    յաչաց հանելyačʿacʿ hanel ― to render odious
    յաչաց ելանելyačʿacʿ elanel ― to be in disgrace, to lose the good graces of any one
    առ աչօքaṙ ačʿōkʿ ― fantastical, fanciful, chimerical; visibly
    առ աչօք ինչ տեսիլ, երեւոյթaṙ ačʿōkʿ inčʿ tesil, erewoytʿ ― spectre, phantom, ghost; vision, illusion
    կալ աչացkal ačʿacʿ ― to become blind
    թերաբաց աչքtʿerabacʿ ačʿkʿ ― half-closed eyes
    յաչս դնելyačʿs dnel ― to be bold, to brave, to defy
    աչք յարտասուսačʿkʿ yartasus ― tears in the eyes, weeping
    զաչս ի վայր արկանելzačʿs i vayr arkanel ― to lower the eyes
    ցաւ աչացcʿaw ačʿacʿ ― complaint, pain in the eyes

Declension[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

The word was used as the plural form of ակն (akn, eye) and referred to both eyes. Not so in modern Armenian.

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • աչք in Mathias Bedrossian (1879), New Dictionary Armenian–English, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • աչք in Gabriēl Awetikʿean, Xačʿatur Siwrmēlean, Mkrtičʿ Awgerean (1836–37), Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language], in 2 vols, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • աչք in Hračʿeay Ačaṙean (1971–79), Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words], in 4 vols (second edition), Yerevan: Yerevan State University
  • “ač‘-k‘” in Hrach Martirosyan (2010), Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon, Leiden, Boston: Brill Academic Publishers, ISBN 9789004173378, page 98