ինչ

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Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Armenian ինչ (inčʿ); see below.

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

ինչ (inčʿ)

  1. what
  2. that, which

Declension[edit]


Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From ի- (i-).

Pronoun[edit]

ինչ (inčʿ)

  1. (indefinite) some, a, an, one, certain, single, any
    աւուրս ինչawurs inčʿ — some days
    պտուղ ինչptuł inčʿ — some fruit
    չիք ինչ, չէ ինչčʿikʿ inčʿ, čʿē inčʿ — nothing, it is nothing, no matter
    չգիտեմ ինչčʿgitem inčʿ — I know nothing, I know nothing about it
    զի՞նչ ինչzi?nčʿ inčʿ — what? what thing?
    ունիմ ինչ ասել քեզunim inčʿ asel kʿez — I have something to tell you
    յինչ ածելyinčʿ acel — to create
    ոչ ինչočʿ inčʿ — nothing
    այն ինչayn inčʿ — whilst, as long as, so long as; recently, freshly, newly
    ամենայն որ ինչ իմ է՝ քո էamenayn or inčʿ im ē, kʿo ē — all that I have is thine
  2. (interrogative) what? which?
    զի՞նչ ժամ էzi?nčʿ žam ē — what o'clock is it?
    զի՞նչ ասէzi?nčʿ asē — what says he?
    առ ի՞նչaṙ i?nčʿ — how? why? for what cause?
    առ զի՞նչ իցէaṙ zi?nčʿ icʿē — to what purpose?
    յի՞նչ օրէնսyi?nčʿ ōrēns — in what law? in what religion or custom?

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Noun[edit]

ինչ (inčʿ

  1. (usually in the plural) property, fortune, substance, possessions; riches, effects, goods and chattels; estate, domain
    արկանել յընչիցarkanel yənčʿicʿ — to despoil or deprive of one's possessions

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • ինչ in Gabriēl Awetikʿean, Xačʿatur Siwrmēlean, Mkrtičʿ Awgerean (1836–37), Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language], in 2 vols, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • ինչ in Hračʿeay Ačaṙean (1971–79), Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words], in 4 vols (second edition), Yerevan: Yerevan State University
  • ինչ in Mathias Bedrossian (1879), New Dictionary Armenian–English, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy