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Classical Syriac[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From the root ܥ-ܠ-ܠ (IPA(key): /ʕ-l-l/). The sense of "disease" is a calque of Arabic عِلَّة (ʿilla(t)). Compare also Hebrew עִלָּה (ʿillâ).


  • IPA(key): [ʕɛll(ə)θɑ(ʔ)] (singular)
  • IPA(key): [ʕɛl(lə)le(ʔ)], [ʕɛl(lə)lɑθɑ(ʔ)] (plural)


ܥܠܬܐ f (plural ܥܠܠܬܐ ,ܥܠܬܐ ,ܥܠܠܐ)

  1. cause, reason, motive, pretext, pretense
  2. occasion, opportunity
  3. necessity
  4. means
  5. sin, crime, fault
  6. proof, evidence, accusation, argument, complaint
  7. subject, topic (e.g. of a book)
  8. introduction, heading
  9. thing, object, article, affair
  10. (in the plural) receptacles
  11. (grammar) root (noun of a derived adjective)
  12. (pathology) sickness, illness, disease

Etymology 2[edit]

From the root ܥ-ܠ-ܐ (IPA(key): /ʕ-l-ʔ/) related to raising up. Compare Hebrew עוֹלָה (ʿôlâ).


  • IPA(key): [ʕ(ə)lɑθɑ(ʔ)]


ܥܠܬܐ f (plural ܥܠܘܬܐ)

  1. offering, sacrifice, holocaust, oblation
  2. high place, altar


  • "(lh" in the Comprehensive Aramaic Lexicon.
  • Louis Costaz, Syriac-English Dictionary, 1963, p. 252a
  • Jessie Payne Smith, A Compendious Syriac Dictionary Founded Upon the Thesaurus Syriacus of Robert Payne Smith, 1903, p. 416a
  • Michael Sokoloff, A Syriac Lexicon: A Translation from the Latin, Correction, Expansion, and Update of C. Brockelmann's Lexicon Syriacum, 2009, pp. 1106b-1107a