उप

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Sanskrit[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *upo (under, below).

Adverb[edit]

उप (úpa)

  1. therefore, moreover (RV., AV., ŚBr., PārGṛ.)

Preposition[edit]

उप (úpa)

  1. towards
  2. near
  3. under, below
  4. at
  5. on, upon, above
  6. up to
  7. in
  8. at the time of
  9. with
  10. at the same time as
  11. according to

Usage notes[edit]

Definitions 1–3 take the accusative, 4–8 take the locative, 9–11 take the instrumental case.

References[edit]

  • Sir Monier Monier-Williams, A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1898, pages 0194, 0195