破魔

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
Grade: 5 Grade: S

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Buddhist term, imported into Japanese when Buddhism was introduced to Japan, some time during the Kofun, Asuka, and Nara periods.[1][2]

Appears to be from Middle Chinese compound 破魔 (phaH ma, literally break demon).

Alternately, could be a Japanese coinage using Sinitic elements, as a compound of Middle Chinese-derived (ha, break, destroy) +‎ (ma, demon, devil).

Noun[edit]

破魔 (hiragana はま, romaji hama)

  1. (Buddhism) defeating a devil or demon, particularly the demons of worldly desires or passions
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]

Verb[edit]

破魔 + する (hiragana はまする, romaji hama suru)

  1. (Buddhism) to defeat a devil or demon, particularly the demons of worldly desires or passions
Conjugation[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Unknown. The kanji are ateji.[2][3]

Possibly cognate with 嵌める, 填める (hameru, to fit or set one thing into another), by way of the Old Japanese form 填む, 嵌む (​hamu).

Noun[edit]

破魔 (hiragana はま, romaji hama)

  1. a target for 破魔矢 (​hamaya) archery, round and generally made of bound straw or tree branches
  2. short for 破魔弓 (​hamayumi): a decorative bow, formerly used for special New Years archery competitions and now used as a ward against evil
Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. 2.0 2.1 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  3. ^ 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13143-0