|Kanji in this term|
Compound of 精神 (seishin, “mind, intellect; psyche”) + 分裂 (bunretsu, “split; break apart”) + 病 (byō, “disease, sickness, illness”). Coined in Japan in the Meiji period as a translation of German Schizophrenie.
The Japanese term 精神 (seishin, “mind”) has overtones of reason or intellect in ordinary use, leading historically to some confusion regarding this diagnosis, as persons with schizophrenia do not necessarily exhibit any breakdown of intellect. The confusion ultimately led the 日本精神神経学会 (Nihon Seishin Shinkei Gakkai, “Japanese Society of Psychiatry and Neurology”) to formally relabel the disease in 2002 as 統合失調症 (tōgō shitchō shō, literally “comprehensive disharmony/imbalance disorder”).
- 精神分裂病患者 (せいしんぶんれつびょうかんじゃ, seishin bunretsu byō kanja): (dated, deprecated, potentially offensive) a schizophrene, a person suffering from schizophrenia