精神

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Chinese[edit]

simpl. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (精神, reconstructed)
Character (精), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: 精 (13)
Final: 清
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 子盈切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡siᴇŋ/ /t͡si̯ɛŋ/ /t͡siɛŋ/ /t͡siɛŋ/ /t͡siajŋ/ /t͡sĭɛŋ/ /t͡siæŋ/
Character (精), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: 精 (13)
Final: 清
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 子姓切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡siᴇŋH/ /t͡si̯ɛŋH/ /t͡siɛŋH/ /t͡siɛŋH/ /t͡siajŋH/ /t͡sĭɛŋH/ /t͡siæŋH/
Character (神), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 船 (27)
Final: 眞
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 食鄰切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ʑiɪn/ /d͡ʑʰi̯ĕn/ /d͡ʑiĕn/ /ʑin/ /ʑin/ /d͡ʑĭĕn/ /ʑjen/
Old Chinese pronunciation (精神, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
jīng ‹ tsjeng › /*tseŋ/ fine rice; pure
shén ‹ zyin › /*Cəә.li[n]/ spirit

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
11327 0 /*ʔsleŋ/
11337 0 /*ʔsleŋs/
11245 1 /*hlin/

Definitions[edit]

精神

  1. spirit; soul; mind; will; spiritual; soulful
  2. energy, drive
  3. lively, active, brisk
  4. essence, gist

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (精神):


Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
せい
Grade: 5
しん
Grade: 3
on'yomi

Noun[edit]

精神 (hiragana せいしん, romaji seishin)

  1. psyche:
    1. spirit, soul, mind, will
    2. spiritual, soulful, mindful, willful

Derived terms[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja in this word

Noun[edit]

精神 (jeongsin) (hangeul 정신)

  1. Hanja form? of 정신, “spirit, mind”.

Vietnamese[edit]

Hán tự in this word

Noun[edit]

精神

  1. Hán tự form of tinh thần, "spirit, mind"