絶対

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See also: 绝对

Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
Grade: 5 Grade: 3

Etymology[edit]

Indeterminate. Middle Chinese did have the term 絕對 (/dzjwet twojH/), using the older forms of these same characters, but this apparently meant “to lose one's spouse, to be widowed”. Use of this term to mean “absolute” may only date back two centuries, though whether it was recoined in China, Japan, or elsewhere remains unclear.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjectival noun[edit]

絶対 (shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji 絕對, -na inflection, hiragana ぜったい, romaji zettai)

  1. absolute
  2. unlimited

Inflection[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

Seldom used on its own as an adjective, but more commonly in compounds. On its own, more often used adverbially as 絶対 (zettai ni). More often used adjectivally as 絶対的 (zettai teki).

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Noun[edit]

絶対 (shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji 絕對, hiragana ぜったい, romaji zettai)

  1. absoluteness, an absolute, unlimitedness

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]