蝴蝶

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
Hyōgaiji Jinmeiyō

Noun[edit]

蝴蝶 (hiragana こちょう, romaji kochō)

  1. butterfly

Mandarin[edit]

simpl. and trad.

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Chinese *ɣo dep (first syllable unstressed), from Old Chinese, derived from a proto-form of *kʰleːp ~ *ɦleːp, a prefixed form of the root *lep ("wide, flat", represented by the phonetic element ).

Variants: (*l̥eːp), 胡蝶, 蛺蝶 (*kep l’ep), 蛺蜨 (*kep sep), representing different developments from the proto-form, including disyllabification, fricativisation of the voiceless initial, etc.

Cognates from the same word family:

  • (*lep, "leaf")
  • (*l’eːp, "flatfish, plaice")
  • > (*l’eːp, "plate")
  • (*l’eːp, "official document < plank").

This word in Chinese is related to Proto-Tibeto-Burman *lep ("butterfly"), the source of

Outside Sino-Tibetan, compare Middle Korean

  • 나븨 (napuy, “butterfly”) (Modern 나비 (nabi))
  • (nip, “leaf”) (Modern (ip))
  • 넙치 (neopchi, “flatfish”),

similarly derived from a similar-shaped adjective root 넙다 (nep-, “to be wide, flat”) (Modern 넓다 (neol(p)-)).

Pronunciation[edit]

Mandarin (Standard Chinese, Beijing)
Pinyin húdié
Zhuyin ㄏㄨˊ ㄉㄧㄝˊ
IPA (key) /xu³⁵ ti̯ɛ³⁵/
Audio
(file)

Noun[edit]

蝴蝶 (traditional and simplified, Pinyin húdié)

  1. (Intermediate Mandarin) butterfly

See also[edit]


Min Nan[edit]

simpl. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

蝴蝶 (traditional and simplified, POJ hô·-tia̍p or ô·-tia̍p)

  1. butterfly

Synonyms[edit]