-ton

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English[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ton

  1. Place name suffix.
  2. This term needs a definition. Please help out and add a definition, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Derived terms[edit]


Classical Nahuatl[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-tōn

  1. (added to nouns) A diminutive suffix; forms nouns denoting smallness, and rarely insignificance.
    ahaztli (wing) → ahaztōntli (small wing)
    conētl (child) → conētōntli (small child)
    māitl (hand) → mātōntli (small hand)

Usage notes[edit]

  • The diminutive element -tōn is inserted between the the noun stem and the absolutive or possessive ending if there is one.
  • The suffix -tōn takes the plural form -totōn(tin), undergoing reduplication plus the addition of the plural suffix -tin.
piltōntli (small child) → pīpiltotōntin (small children)
  • If the stem does not take an absolutive suffix (i.e. -li, -tl or -tli), the resulting diminutive does not either, and -tin is omitted in the plural.
chichitōn (small dog) → chichitotōn (small dogs)
  • The same can also happen with nouns taking the absolutive -in.
quimichin (mouse) → quimichtōn (small mouse), but citlālin (star) → citlāltōntli (small star)

Derived terms[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  • 1992, Frances Karttunen, An Analytical Dictionary of Nahuatl, University of Oklahoma Press, page 247:
  • 2001, James Lockhart, Nahuatl as Written: Lessons in Older Written Nahuatl, with Copious Examples and Texts, Stanford University Press, page 240:

Finnish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *-t'oin, from Proto-Finno-Ugric.

Suffix[edit]

-ton (front vowel harmony variant -tön)

  1. Indicates lack of something; -less.
    aika 'time' → ajaton 'timeless'
    järki 'sense' → järjetön 'senseless'
    maku 'taste' → mauton 'tasteless'
    ääri 'border' → ääretön 'infinite'

Usage notes[edit]

Added to the genitive singular (weak grade) stem.

Declension[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]