Appendix talk:Old Cyrillic script

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Unicode 5.1 additions[edit]

Outline of the changes and additions (PDF)

Discussion about changes to existing omega with titlo and uk (PDF)

Code charts (PDF)

Alan Wood's test pages

Character inventory[edit]

Letters useful in Old Church Slavonic, Old East Slavic, Church Slavonic [other languages?], for use in {{Cyrs}}. Please make corrections and add relevant comments. Code points used for OCS-style orthography are highlighted.

Missing characters will be clearly visible if your system has the latest version (5.1) of SIL's Unicode BMP Fallback Font installed. Font samples are as rendered by the browser, with BukyVede upright and italic, Code2000, DejaVu Sans, DejaVu Serif, Dilyana, Kliment Std, Lazov, Menaion, and RomanCyrillic Std fonts applied.

Fonts[edit]

Cyrillic character coverage of released fonts.

font description coverage notes Cyrillic early Cyrillic superior letters non-Slavic
Fonts which cover full old Cyrillic, including superior letters (Cyrillic, Extended-B, Extended-A)
а BukyVede 1.002 manuscript style includes Glagolitic, basic Latin а б й ґ ꙁ ꙍ ꙑ ꙗ аⷠ аⷫ аⷵ аⷿ ҕ ӂ ӛ ꚗ
а Kliment Std 3.000 traditional letterforms styled to match Times includes modern non-Slavic Cyrillic, Glagolitic, Latin, Greek, more а б й ґ ꙁ ꙍ ꙑ ꙗ аⷠ аⷫ аⷵ аⷿ ҕ ӂ ӛ ꚗ
а RomanCyrillic Std 3.000 modern letterforms styled to match Times includes modern non-Slavic Cyrillic, Glagolitic, Latin, Greek, more а б й ґ ꙁ ꙍ ꙑ ꙗ аⷠ аⷫ аⷵ аⷿ ҕ ӂ ӛ ꚗ
Fonts which cover old Cyrillic letters on the baseline (Cyrillic, Extended-B)
а Menaion 2.10 manuscript style includes basic Greek а б й ґ ꙁ ꙍ ꙑ ꙗ аⷠ аⷫ аⷵ аⷿ ҕ ӂ ӛ ꚗ
а Lazov 1.00 manuscript style Some “included” characters render as blanks а б й ґ ꙁ ꙍ ꙑ ꙗ аⷠ аⷫ аⷵ аⷿ ҕ ӂ ӛ ꚗ
а Dilyana 2.001 manuscript style missing a few modern Cyrillic letters, includes round Glagolitic а б й ґ ꙁ ꙍ ꙑ ꙗ аⷠ аⷫ аⷵ аⷿ ҕ ӂ ӛ ꚗ
а Hirmos Ponomar modern Synodal Church Slavonic includes basic Latin а б й ґ ꙁ ꙍ ꙑ ꙗ аⷠ аⷫ аⷵ аⷿ ҕ ӂ ӛ ꚗ
а Fedorovsk Unicode mimics the typeface used by Ivan Fedorov, for historical texts or modern Old Rite liturgical texts includes basic Latin а б й ґ ꙁ ꙍ ꙑ ꙗ аⷠ аⷫ аⷵ аⷿ ҕ ӂ ӛ ꚗ
а Code2000 1.171 modern letterforms also covers modern non-Slavic Cyrillic and a huge range of Unicode а б й ґ ꙁ ꙍ ꙑ ꙗ аⷠ аⷫ аⷵ аⷿ ҕ ӂ ӛ ꚗ
Fonts which cover basic old Cyrillic, with some omissions (Cyrillic and some Extended-B)
а DejaVu Sans 2.26 modern letterforms development version improves coverage; includes Latin, Greek, others а б й ґ ꙁ ꙍ ꙑ ꙗ аⷠ аⷫ аⷵ аⷿ ҕ ӂ ӛ ꚗ
Coverage lacking in this version
а DejaVu Serif 2.26 modern letterforms development version improves coverage; includes Latin, Greek, others а б й ґ ꙁ ꙍ ꙑ ꙗ аⷠ аⷫ аⷵ аⷿ ҕ ӂ ӛ ꚗ

Cyrillic[edit]

Character name Code point Buk Buk I C2K DV- DV+ Dil Kli Laz Men Rom Comments
CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER IE WITH GRAVE U+0400 Ѐ Ѐ Ѐ Ѐ Ѐ Ѐ Ѐ Ѐ Ѐ Ѐ Ѐ X
CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER IO U+0401 Ё Ё Ё Ё Ё Ё Ё Ё Ё Ё Ё X
CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER DJE U+0402 Ђ Ђ Ђ Ђ Ђ Ђ Ђ Ђ Ђ Ђ Ђ X
CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER GJE U+0403 Ѓ Ѓ Ѓ Ѓ Ѓ Ѓ Ѓ Ѓ Ѓ Ѓ Ѓ X
CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER UKRAINIAN IE U+0404 Є Є Є Є Є Є Є Є Є Є Є
CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER DZE U+0405 Ѕ Ѕ Ѕ Ѕ Ѕ Ѕ Ѕ Ѕ Ѕ Ѕ Ѕ
CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER BYELORUSSIAN-UKRAINIAN I U+0406 І І І І І І І І І І І
CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER YI U+0407 Ї Ї Ї Ї Ї Ї Ї Ї Ї Ї Ї
CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER JE U+0408 Ј Ј Ј Ј Ј Ј Ј Ј Ј Ј Ј X
CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER LJE U+0409 Љ Љ Љ Љ Љ Љ Љ Љ Љ Љ Љ X
CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER NJE U+040A Њ Њ Њ Њ Њ Њ Њ Њ Њ Њ Њ X
CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER TSHE U+040B Ћ Ћ Ћ Ћ Ћ Ћ Ћ Ћ Ћ Ћ Ћ Used to transliterate Glagolitic djerv
CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER KJE U+040C Ќ Ќ Ќ Ќ Ќ Ќ Ќ Ќ Ќ Ќ Ќ X
CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER I WITH GRAVE U+040D Ѝ Ѝ Ѝ Ѝ Ѝ Ѝ Ѝ Ѝ Ѝ Ѝ Ѝ X
CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER SHORT U U+040E Ў Ў Ў Ў Ў Ў Ў Ў Ў Ў Ў
CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER DZHE U+040F Џ Џ Џ Џ Џ Џ Џ Џ Џ Џ Џ
CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER A U+0410 А А А А А А А А А А А
CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER BE U+0411 Б Б Б Б Б Б Б Б Б Б Б
CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER VE U+0412 В В В В В В В В В В В
CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER GHE U+0413 Г Г Г Г Г Г Г Г Г Г Г
CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER DE U+0414 Д Д Д Д Д Д Д Д Д Д Д
CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER IE U+0415 Е Е Е Е Е Е Е Е Е Е Е
CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER ZHE U+0416 Ж Ж Ж Ж Ж Ж Ж Ж Ж Ж Ж
CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER ZE U+0417 З З З З З З З З З З З
CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER I U+0418 И И И И И И И И И И И
CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER SHORT I U+0419 Й Й Й Й Й Й Й Й Й Й Й
CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER KA U+041A К К К К К К К К К К К
CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER EL U+041B Л Л Л Л Л Л Л Л Л Л Л
CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER EM U+041C М М М М М М М М М М М
CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER EN U+041D Н Н Н Н Н Н Н Н Н Н Н
CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER O U+041E О О О О О О О О О О О
CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER PE U+041F П П П П П П П П П П П
CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER ER U+0420 Р Р Р Р Р Р Р Р Р Р Р
CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER ES U+0421 С С С С С С С С С С С
CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER TE U+0422 Т Т Т Т Т Т Т Т Т Т Т
CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER U U+0423 У У У У У У У У У У У
CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER EF U+0424 Ф Ф Ф Ф Ф Ф Ф Ф Ф Ф Ф
CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER HA U+0425 Х Х Х Х Х Х Х Х Х Х Х
CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER TSE U+0426 Ц Ц Ц Ц Ц Ц Ц Ц Ц Ц Ц
CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER CHE U+0427 Ч Ч Ч Ч Ч Ч Ч Ч Ч Ч Ч
CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER SHA U+0428 Ш Ш Ш Ш Ш Ш Ш Ш Ш Ш Ш
CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER SHCHA U+0429 Щ Щ Щ Щ Щ Щ Щ Щ Щ Щ Щ
CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER HARD SIGN U+042A Ъ Ъ Ъ Ъ Ъ Ъ Ъ Ъ Ъ Ъ Ъ
CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER YERU U+042B Ы Ы Ы Ы Ы Ы Ы Ы Ы Ы Ы
CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER SOFT SIGN U+042C Ь Ь Ь Ь Ь Ь Ь Ь Ь Ь Ь
CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER E U+042D Э Э Э Э Э Э Э Э Э Э Э
CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER YU U+042E Ю Ю Ю Ю Ю Ю Ю Ю Ю Ю Ю
CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER YA U+042F Я Я Я Я Я Я Я Я Я Я Я Dilyana 2.001 has incorrect glyph
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER A U+0430 а а а а а а а а а а а
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER BE U+0431 б б б б б б б б б б б
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER VE U+0432 в в в в в в в в в в в
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER GHE U+0433 г г г г г г г г г г г
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER DE U+0434 д д д д д д д д д д д
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER IE U+0435 е е е е е е е е е е е
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER ZHE U+0436 ж ж ж ж ж ж ж ж ж ж ж
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER ZE U+0437 з з з з з з з з з з з
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER I U+0438 и и и и и и и и и и и
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER SHORT I U+0439 й й й й й й й й й й й
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER KA U+043A к к к к к к к к к к к
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER EL U+043B л л л л л л л л л л л
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER EM U+043C м м м м м м м м м м м
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER EN U+043D н н н н н н н н н н н
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER O U+043E о о о о о о о о о о о
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER PE U+043F п п п п п п п п п п п
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER ER U+0440 р р р р р р р р р р р
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER ES U+0441 с с с с с с с с с с с
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER TE U+0442 т т т т т т т т т т т
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER U U+0443 у у у у у у у у у у у
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER EF U+0444 ф ф ф ф ф ф ф ф ф ф ф
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER HA U+0445 х х х х х х х х х х х
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER TSE U+0446 ц ц ц ц ц ц ц ц ц ц ц
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER CHE U+0447 ч ч ч ч ч ч ч ч ч ч ч
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER SHA U+0448 ш ш ш ш ш ш ш ш ш ш ш
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER SHCHA U+0449 щ щ щ щ щ щ щ щ щ щ щ
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER HARD SIGN U+044A ъ ъ ъ ъ ъ ъ ъ ъ ъ ъ ъ
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER YERU U+044B ы ы ы ы ы ы ы ы ы ы ы
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER SOFT SIGN U+044C ь ь ь ь ь ь ь ь ь ь ь
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER E U+044D э э э э э э э э э э э
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER YU U+044E ю ю ю ю ю ю ю ю ю ю ю
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER YA U+044F я я я я я я я я я я я Dilyana 2.001 has incorrect glyph
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER IE WITH GRAVE U+0450 ѐ ѐ ѐ ѐ ѐ ѐ ѐ ѐ ѐ ѐ ѐ X
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER IO U+0451 ё ё ё ё ё ё ё ё ё ё ё X
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER DJE U+0452 ђ ђ ђ ђ ђ ђ ђ ђ ђ ђ ђ X
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER GJE U+0453 ѓ ѓ ѓ ѓ ѓ ѓ ѓ ѓ ѓ ѓ ѓ X
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER UKRAINIAN IE U+0454 є є є є є є є є є є є
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER DZE U+0455 ѕ ѕ ѕ ѕ ѕ ѕ ѕ ѕ ѕ ѕ ѕ
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER BYELORUSSIAN-UKRAINIAN I U+0456 і і і і і і і і і і і
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER YI U+0457 ї ї ї ї ї ї ї ї ї ї ї
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER JE U+0458 ј ј ј ј ј ј ј ј ј ј ј X
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER LJE U+0459 љ љ љ љ љ љ љ љ љ љ љ X
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER NJE U+045A њ њ њ њ њ њ њ њ њ њ њ X
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER TSHE U+045B ћ ћ ћ ћ ћ ћ ћ ћ ћ ћ ћ Used to transliterate Glagolitic djerv
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER KJE U+045C ќ ќ ќ ќ ќ ќ ќ ќ ќ ќ ќ X
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER I WITH GRAVE U+045D ѝ ѝ ѝ ѝ ѝ ѝ ѝ ѝ ѝ ѝ ѝ X
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER SHORT U U+045E ў ў ў ў ў ў ў ў ў ў ў
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER DZHE U+045F џ џ џ џ џ џ џ џ џ џ џ
CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER OMEGA U+0460 Ѡ Ѡ Ѡ Ѡ Ѡ Ѡ Ѡ Ѡ Ѡ Ѡ Ѡ
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER OMEGA U+0461 ѡ ѡ ѡ ѡ ѡ ѡ ѡ ѡ ѡ ѡ ѡ
CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER YAT U+0462 Ѣ Ѣ Ѣ Ѣ Ѣ Ѣ Ѣ Ѣ Ѣ Ѣ Ѣ
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER YAT U+0463 ѣ ѣ ѣ ѣ ѣ ѣ ѣ ѣ ѣ ѣ ѣ
CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER IOTIFIED E U+0464 Ѥ Ѥ Ѥ Ѥ Ѥ Ѥ Ѥ Ѥ Ѥ Ѥ Ѥ
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER IOTIFIED E U+0465 ѥ ѥ ѥ ѥ ѥ ѥ ѥ ѥ ѥ ѥ ѥ
CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER LITTLE YUS U+0466 Ѧ Ѧ Ѧ Ѧ Ѧ Ѧ Ѧ Ѧ Ѧ Ѧ Ѧ
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER LITTLE YUS U+0467 ѧ ѧ ѧ ѧ ѧ ѧ ѧ ѧ ѧ ѧ ѧ
CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER IOTIFIED LITTLE YUS U+0468 Ѩ Ѩ Ѩ Ѩ Ѩ Ѩ Ѩ Ѩ Ѩ Ѩ Ѩ
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER IOTIFIED LITTLE YUS U+0469 ѩ ѩ ѩ ѩ ѩ ѩ ѩ ѩ ѩ ѩ ѩ
CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER BIG YUS U+046A Ѫ Ѫ Ѫ Ѫ Ѫ Ѫ Ѫ Ѫ Ѫ Ѫ Ѫ
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER BIG YUS U+046B ѫ ѫ ѫ ѫ ѫ ѫ ѫ ѫ ѫ ѫ ѫ
CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER IOTIFIED BIG YUS U+046C Ѭ Ѭ Ѭ Ѭ Ѭ Ѭ Ѭ Ѭ Ѭ Ѭ Ѭ
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER IOTIFIED BIG YUS U+046D ѭ ѭ ѭ ѭ ѭ ѭ ѭ ѭ ѭ ѭ ѭ
CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER KSI U+046E Ѯ Ѯ Ѯ Ѯ Ѯ Ѯ Ѯ Ѯ Ѯ Ѯ Ѯ Menaion v2.10 has incorrect glyph
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER KSI U+046F ѯ ѯ ѯ ѯ ѯ ѯ ѯ ѯ ѯ ѯ ѯ Menaion v2.10 has incorrect glyph
CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER PSI U+0470 Ѱ Ѱ Ѱ Ѱ Ѱ Ѱ Ѱ Ѱ Ѱ Ѱ Ѱ
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER PSI U+0471 ѱ ѱ ѱ ѱ ѱ ѱ ѱ ѱ ѱ ѱ ѱ
CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER FITA U+0472 Ѳ Ѳ Ѳ Ѳ Ѳ Ѳ Ѳ Ѳ Ѳ Ѳ Ѳ
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER FITA U+0473 ѳ ѳ ѳ ѳ ѳ ѳ ѳ ѳ ѳ ѳ ѳ
CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER IZHITSA U+0474 Ѵ Ѵ Ѵ Ѵ Ѵ Ѵ Ѵ Ѵ Ѵ Ѵ Ѵ
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER IZHITSA U+0475 ѵ ѵ ѵ ѵ ѵ ѵ ѵ ѵ ѵ ѵ ѵ
CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER IZHITSA WITH DOUBLE GRAVE ACCENT U+0476 Ѷ Ѷ Ѷ Ѷ Ѷ Ѷ Ѷ Ѷ Ѷ Ѷ Ѷ
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER IZHITSA WITH DOUBLE GRAVE ACCENT U+0477 ѷ ѷ ѷ ѷ ѷ ѷ ѷ ѷ ѷ ѷ ѷ
CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER UK U+0478 Ѹ Ѹ Ѹ Ѹ Ѹ Ѹ Ѹ Ѹ Ѹ Ѹ Ѹ ambiguous glyph is deprecated in Unicode 5.1; use Оу or Ꙋ
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER UK U+0479 ѹ ѹ ѹ ѹ ѹ ѹ ѹ ѹ ѹ ѹ ѹ ambiguous glyph is deprecated in Unicode 5.1; use оу or ꙋ
CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER ROUND OMEGA U+047A Ѻ Ѻ Ѻ Ѻ Ѻ Ѻ Ѻ Ѻ Ѻ Ѻ Ѻ
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER ROUND OMEGA U+047B ѻ ѻ ѻ ѻ ѻ ѻ ѻ ѻ ѻ ѻ ѻ
CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER OMEGA WITH TITLO U+047C Ѽ Ѽ Ѽ Ѽ Ѽ Ѽ Ѽ Ѽ Ѽ Ѽ Ѽ Beautiful omega; deprecated glyph in Code2000 v1.17, corrected in v1.171
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER OMEGA WITH TITLO U+047D ѽ ѽ ѽ ѽ ѽ ѽ ѽ ѽ ѽ ѽ ѽ Beautiful omega; deprecated glyph in Code2000 v1.17, corrected in v1.171
CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER OT U+047E Ѿ Ѿ Ѿ Ѿ Ѿ Ѿ Ѿ Ѿ Ѿ Ѿ Ѿ
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER OT U+047F ѿ ѿ ѿ ѿ ѿ ѿ ѿ ѿ ѿ ѿ ѿ
CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER KOPPA U+0480 Ҁ Ҁ Ҁ Ҁ Ҁ Ҁ Ҁ Ҁ Ҁ Ҁ Ҁ
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER KOPPA U+0481 ҁ ҁ ҁ ҁ ҁ ҁ ҁ ҁ ҁ ҁ ҁ
CYRILLIC THOUSANDS SIGN U+0482 ҂ ҂ ҂ ҂ ҂ ҂ ҂ ҂ ҂ ҂ ҂
COMBINING CYRILLIC TITLO U+0483 ҃ а҃ а҃ а҃ а҃ а҃ а҃ а҃ а҃ а҃ а҃
COMBINING CYRILLIC PALATALIZATION U+0484 ҄ а҄ а҄ а҄ а҄ а҄ а҄ а҄ а҄ а҄ а҄ deprecated glyph in Code2000 v1.17
COMBINING CYRILLIC DASIA PNEUMATA U+0485 ҅ а҅ а҅ а҅ а҅ а҅ а҅ а҅ а҅ а҅ а҅ deprecated glyph in Code2000 v1.17
COMBINING CYRILLIC PSILI PNEUMATA U+0486 ҆ а҆ а҆ а҆ а҆ а҆ а҆ а҆ а҆ а҆ а҆ deprecated glyph in Code2000 v1.17
COMBINING CYRILLIC POKRYTIE U+0487 ҇ а҇ а҇ а҇ а҇ а҇ а҇ а҇ а҇ а҇ а҇
COMBINING CYRILLIC HUNDRED THOUSANDS SIGN U+0488 ҈ а҈ а҈ а҈ а҈ а҈ а҈ а҈ а҈ а҈ а҈
COMBINING CYRILLIC MILLIONS SIGN U+0489 ҉ а҉ а҉ а҉ а҉ а҉ а҉ а҉ а҉ а҉ а҉
CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER SHORT I WITH TAIL U+048A Ҋ Ҋ Ҋ Ҋ Ҋ Ҋ Ҋ Ҋ Ҋ Ҋ Ҋ X
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER SHORT I WITH TAIL U+048B ҋ ҋ ҋ ҋ ҋ ҋ ҋ ҋ ҋ ҋ ҋ X
CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER SEMISOFT SIGN U+048C Ҍ Ҍ Ҍ Ҍ Ҍ Ҍ Ҍ Ҍ Ҍ Ҍ Ҍ X
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER SEMISOFT SIGN U+048D ҍ ҍ ҍ ҍ ҍ ҍ ҍ ҍ ҍ ҍ ҍ X
CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER ER WITH TICK U+048E Ҏ Ҏ Ҏ Ҏ Ҏ Ҏ Ҏ Ҏ Ҏ Ҏ Ҏ X
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER ER WITH TICK U+048F ҏ ҏ ҏ ҏ ҏ ҏ ҏ ҏ ҏ ҏ ҏ X
CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER GHE WITH UPTURN U+0490 Ґ Ґ Ґ Ґ Ґ Ґ Ґ Ґ Ґ Ґ Ґ
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER GHE WITH UPTURN U+0491 ґ ґ ґ ґ ґ ґ ґ ґ ґ ґ ґ
CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER GHE WITH STROKE U+0492 Ғ Ғ Ғ Ғ Ғ Ғ Ғ Ғ Ғ Ғ Ғ X
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER GHE WITH STROKE U+0493 ғ ғ ғ ғ ғ ғ ғ ғ ғ ғ ғ X
CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER GHE WITH MIDDLE HOOK U+0494 Ҕ Ҕ Ҕ Ҕ Ҕ Ҕ Ҕ Ҕ Ҕ Ҕ Ҕ X
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER GHE WITH MIDDLE HOOK U+0495 ҕ ҕ ҕ ҕ ҕ ҕ ҕ ҕ ҕ ҕ ҕ X
CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER ZHE WITH DESCENDER U+0496 Җ Җ Җ Җ Җ Җ Җ Җ Җ Җ Җ X
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER ZHE WITH DESCENDER U+0497 җ җ җ җ җ җ җ җ җ җ җ X
CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER ZE WITH DESCENDER U+0498 Ҙ Ҙ Ҙ Ҙ Ҙ Ҙ Ҙ Ҙ Ҙ Ҙ Ҙ X
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER ZE WITH DESCENDER U+0499 ҙ ҙ ҙ ҙ ҙ ҙ ҙ ҙ ҙ ҙ ҙ X
CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER KA WITH DESCENDER U+049A Қ Қ Қ Қ Қ Қ Қ Қ Қ Қ Қ X
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER KA WITH DESCENDER U+049B қ қ қ қ қ қ қ қ қ қ қ X
CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER KA WITH VERTICAL STROKE U+049C Ҝ Ҝ Ҝ Ҝ Ҝ Ҝ Ҝ Ҝ Ҝ Ҝ Ҝ X
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER KA WITH VERTICAL STROKE U+049D ҝ ҝ ҝ ҝ ҝ ҝ ҝ ҝ ҝ ҝ ҝ X
CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER KA WITH STROKE U+049E Ҟ Ҟ Ҟ Ҟ Ҟ Ҟ Ҟ Ҟ Ҟ Ҟ Ҟ X
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER KA WITH STROKE U+049F ҟ ҟ ҟ ҟ ҟ ҟ ҟ ҟ ҟ ҟ ҟ X
CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER BASHKIR KA U+04A0 Ҡ Ҡ Ҡ Ҡ Ҡ Ҡ Ҡ Ҡ Ҡ Ҡ Ҡ X
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER BASHKIR KA U+04A1 ҡ ҡ ҡ ҡ ҡ ҡ ҡ ҡ ҡ ҡ ҡ X
CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER EN WITH DESCENDER U+04A2 Ң Ң Ң Ң Ң Ң Ң Ң Ң Ң Ң X
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER EN WITH DESCENDER U+04A3 ң ң ң ң ң ң ң ң ң ң ң X
CYRILLIC CAPITAL LIGATURE EN GHE U+04A4 Ҥ Ҥ Ҥ Ҥ Ҥ Ҥ Ҥ Ҥ Ҥ Ҥ Ҥ
CYRILLIC SMALL LIGATURE EN GHE U+04A5 ҥ ҥ ҥ ҥ ҥ ҥ ҥ ҥ ҥ ҥ ҥ
CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER PE WITH MIDDLE HOOK U+04A6 Ҧ Ҧ Ҧ Ҧ Ҧ Ҧ Ҧ Ҧ Ҧ Ҧ Ҧ X
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER PE WITH MIDDLE HOOK U+04A7 ҧ ҧ ҧ ҧ ҧ ҧ ҧ ҧ ҧ ҧ ҧ X
CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER ABKHASIAN HA U+04A8 Ҩ Ҩ Ҩ Ҩ Ҩ Ҩ Ҩ Ҩ Ҩ Ҩ Ҩ X
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER ABKHASIAN HA U+04A9 ҩ ҩ ҩ ҩ ҩ ҩ ҩ ҩ ҩ ҩ ҩ X
CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER ES WITH DESCENDER U+04AA Ҫ Ҫ Ҫ Ҫ Ҫ Ҫ Ҫ Ҫ Ҫ Ҫ Ҫ X
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER ES WITH DESCENDER U+04AB ҫ ҫ ҫ ҫ ҫ ҫ ҫ ҫ ҫ ҫ ҫ X
CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER TE WITH DESCENDER U+04AC Ҭ Ҭ Ҭ Ҭ Ҭ Ҭ Ҭ Ҭ Ҭ Ҭ Ҭ X
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER TE WITH DESCENDER U+04AD ҭ ҭ ҭ ҭ ҭ ҭ ҭ ҭ ҭ ҭ ҭ X
CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER STRAIGHT U U+04AE Ү Ү Ү Ү Ү Ү Ү Ү Ү Ү Ү X
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER STRAIGHT U U+04AF ү ү ү ү ү ү ү ү ү ү ү X
CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER STRAIGHT U WITH STROKE U+04B0 Ұ Ұ Ұ Ұ Ұ Ұ Ұ Ұ Ұ Ұ Ұ X
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER STRAIGHT U WITH STROKE U+04B1 ұ ұ ұ ұ ұ ұ ұ ұ ұ ұ ұ X
CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER HA WITH DESCENDER U+04B2 Ҳ Ҳ Ҳ Ҳ Ҳ Ҳ Ҳ Ҳ Ҳ Ҳ Ҳ X
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER HA WITH DESCENDER U+04B3 ҳ ҳ ҳ ҳ ҳ ҳ ҳ ҳ ҳ ҳ ҳ X
CYRILLIC CAPITAL LIGATURE TE TSE U+04B4 Ҵ Ҵ Ҵ Ҵ Ҵ Ҵ Ҵ Ҵ Ҵ Ҵ Ҵ X
CYRILLIC SMALL LIGATURE TE TSE U+04B5 ҵ ҵ ҵ ҵ ҵ ҵ ҵ ҵ ҵ ҵ ҵ X
CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER CHE WITH DESCENDER U+04B6 Ҷ Ҷ Ҷ Ҷ Ҷ Ҷ Ҷ Ҷ Ҷ Ҷ Ҷ X
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER CHE WITH DESCENDER U+04B7 ҷ ҷ ҷ ҷ ҷ ҷ ҷ ҷ ҷ ҷ ҷ X
CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER CHE WITH VERTICAL STROKE U+04B8 Ҹ Ҹ Ҹ Ҹ Ҹ Ҹ Ҹ Ҹ Ҹ Ҹ Ҹ X
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER CHE WITH VERTICAL STROKE U+04B9 ҹ ҹ ҹ ҹ ҹ ҹ ҹ ҹ ҹ ҹ ҹ X
CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER SHHA U+04BA Һ Һ Һ Һ Һ Һ Һ Һ Һ Һ Һ X
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER SHHA U+04BB һ һ һ һ һ һ һ һ һ һ һ X
CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER ABKHASIAN CHE U+04BC Ҽ Ҽ Ҽ Ҽ Ҽ Ҽ Ҽ Ҽ Ҽ Ҽ Ҽ X
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER ABKHASIAN CHE U+04BD ҽ ҽ ҽ ҽ ҽ ҽ ҽ ҽ ҽ ҽ ҽ X
CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER ABKHASIAN CHE WITH DESCENDER U+04BE Ҿ Ҿ Ҿ Ҿ Ҿ Ҿ Ҿ Ҿ Ҿ Ҿ Ҿ X
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER ABKHASIAN CHE WITH DESCENDER U+04BF ҿ ҿ ҿ ҿ ҿ ҿ ҿ ҿ ҿ ҿ ҿ X
CYRILLIC LETTER PALOCHKA U+04C0 Ӏ Ӏ Ӏ Ӏ Ӏ Ӏ Ӏ Ӏ Ӏ Ӏ Ӏ X
CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER ZHE WITH BREVE U+04C1 Ӂ Ӂ Ӂ Ӂ Ӂ Ӂ Ӂ Ӂ Ӂ Ӂ Ӂ X
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER ZHE WITH BREVE U+04C2 ӂ ӂ ӂ ӂ ӂ ӂ ӂ ӂ ӂ ӂ ӂ X
CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER KA WITH HOOK U+04C3 Ӄ Ӄ Ӄ Ӄ Ӄ Ӄ Ӄ Ӄ Ӄ Ӄ Ӄ X
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER KA WITH HOOK U+04C4 ӄ ӄ ӄ ӄ ӄ ӄ ӄ ӄ ӄ ӄ ӄ X
CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER EL WITH TAIL U+04C5 Ӆ Ӆ Ӆ Ӆ Ӆ Ӆ Ӆ Ӆ Ӆ Ӆ Ӆ X
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER EL WITH TAIL U+04C6 ӆ ӆ ӆ ӆ ӆ ӆ ӆ ӆ ӆ ӆ ӆ X
CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER EN WITH HOOK U+04C7 Ӈ Ӈ Ӈ Ӈ Ӈ Ӈ Ӈ Ӈ Ӈ Ӈ Ӈ X
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER EN WITH HOOK U+04C8 ӈ ӈ ӈ ӈ ӈ ӈ ӈ ӈ ӈ ӈ ӈ X
CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER EN WITH TAIL U+04C9 Ӊ Ӊ Ӊ Ӊ Ӊ Ӊ Ӊ Ӊ Ӊ Ӊ Ӊ X
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER EN WITH TAIL U+04CA ӊ ӊ ӊ ӊ ӊ ӊ ӊ ӊ ӊ ӊ ӊ X
CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER KHAKASSIAN CHE U+04CB Ӌ Ӌ Ӌ Ӌ Ӌ Ӌ Ӌ Ӌ Ӌ Ӌ Ӌ X
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER KHAKASSIAN CHE U+04CC ӌ ӌ ӌ ӌ ӌ ӌ ӌ ӌ ӌ ӌ ӌ X
CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER EM WITH TAIL U+04CD Ӎ Ӎ Ӎ Ӎ Ӎ Ӎ Ӎ Ӎ Ӎ Ӎ Ӎ X
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER EM WITH TAIL U+04CE ӎ ӎ ӎ ӎ ӎ ӎ ӎ ӎ ӎ ӎ ӎ X
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER PALOCHKA U+04CF ӏ ӏ ӏ ӏ ӏ ӏ ӏ ӏ ӏ ӏ ӏ X
CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER A WITH BREVE U+04D0 Ӑ Ӑ Ӑ Ӑ Ӑ Ӑ Ӑ Ӑ Ӑ Ӑ Ӑ X
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER A WITH BREVE U+04D1 ӑ ӑ ӑ ӑ ӑ ӑ ӑ ӑ ӑ ӑ ӑ X
CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER A WITH DIAERESIS U+04D2 Ӓ Ӓ Ӓ Ӓ Ӓ Ӓ Ӓ Ӓ Ӓ Ӓ Ӓ X
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER A WITH DIAERESIS U+04D3 ӓ ӓ ӓ ӓ ӓ ӓ ӓ ӓ ӓ ӓ ӓ X
CYRILLIC CAPITAL LIGATURE A IE U+04D4 Ӕ Ӕ Ӕ Ӕ Ӕ Ӕ Ӕ Ӕ Ӕ Ӕ Ӕ X
CYRILLIC SMALL LIGATURE A IE U+04D5 ӕ ӕ ӕ ӕ ӕ ӕ ӕ ӕ ӕ ӕ ӕ X
CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER IE WITH BREVE U+04D6 Ӗ Ӗ Ӗ Ӗ Ӗ Ӗ Ӗ Ӗ Ӗ Ӗ Ӗ X
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER IE WITH BREVE U+04D7 ӗ ӗ ӗ ӗ ӗ ӗ ӗ ӗ ӗ ӗ ӗ X
CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER SCHWA U+04D8 Ә Ә Ә Ә Ә Ә Ә Ә Ә Ә Ә X
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER SCHWA U+04D9 ә ә ә ә ә ә ә ә ә ә ә X
CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER SCHWA WITH DIAERESIS U+04DA Ӛ Ӛ Ӛ Ӛ Ӛ Ӛ Ӛ Ӛ Ӛ Ӛ Ӛ X
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER SCHWA WITH DIAERESIS U+04DB ӛ ӛ ӛ ӛ ӛ ӛ ӛ ӛ ӛ ӛ ӛ X
CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER ZHE WITH DIAERESIS U+04DC Ӝ Ӝ Ӝ Ӝ Ӝ Ӝ Ӝ Ӝ Ӝ Ӝ Ӝ X
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER ZHE WITH DIAERESIS U+04DD ӝ ӝ ӝ ӝ ӝ ӝ ӝ ӝ ӝ ӝ ӝ X
CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER ZE WITH DIAERESIS U+04DE Ӟ Ӟ Ӟ Ӟ Ӟ Ӟ Ӟ Ӟ Ӟ Ӟ Ӟ X
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER ZE WITH DIAERESIS U+04DF ӟ ӟ ӟ ӟ ӟ ӟ ӟ ӟ ӟ ӟ ӟ X
CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER ABKHASIAN DZE U+04E0 Ӡ Ӡ Ӡ Ӡ Ӡ Ӡ Ӡ Ӡ Ӡ Ӡ Ӡ X
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER ABKHASIAN DZE U+04E1 ӡ ӡ ӡ ӡ ӡ ӡ ӡ ӡ ӡ ӡ ӡ X
CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER I WITH MACRON U+04E2 Ӣ Ӣ Ӣ Ӣ Ӣ Ӣ Ӣ Ӣ Ӣ Ӣ Ӣ X
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER I WITH MACRON U+04E3 ӣ ӣ ӣ ӣ ӣ ӣ ӣ ӣ ӣ ӣ ӣ X
CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER I WITH DIAERESIS U+04E4 Ӥ Ӥ Ӥ Ӥ Ӥ Ӥ Ӥ Ӥ Ӥ Ӥ Ӥ X
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER I WITH DIAERESIS U+04E5 ӥ ӥ ӥ ӥ ӥ ӥ ӥ ӥ ӥ ӥ ӥ X
CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER O WITH DIAERESIS U+04E6 Ӧ Ӧ Ӧ Ӧ Ӧ Ӧ Ӧ Ӧ Ӧ Ӧ Ӧ X
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER O WITH DIAERESIS U+04E7 ӧ ӧ ӧ ӧ ӧ ӧ ӧ ӧ ӧ ӧ ӧ X
CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER BARRED O U+04E8 Ө Ө Ө Ө Ө Ө Ө Ө Ө Ө Ө X
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER BARRED O U+04E9 ө ө ө ө ө ө ө ө ө ө ө X
CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER BARRED O WITH DIAERESIS U+04EA Ӫ Ӫ Ӫ Ӫ Ӫ Ӫ Ӫ Ӫ Ӫ Ӫ Ӫ X
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER BARRED O WITH DIAERESIS U+04EB ӫ ӫ ӫ ӫ ӫ ӫ ӫ ӫ ӫ ӫ ӫ X
CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER E WITH DIAERESIS U+04EC Ӭ Ӭ Ӭ Ӭ Ӭ Ӭ Ӭ Ӭ Ӭ Ӭ Ӭ X
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER E WITH DIAERESIS U+04ED ӭ ӭ ӭ ӭ ӭ ӭ ӭ ӭ ӭ ӭ ӭ X
CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER U WITH MACRON U+04EE Ӯ Ӯ Ӯ Ӯ Ӯ Ӯ Ӯ Ӯ Ӯ Ӯ Ӯ X
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER U WITH MACRON U+04EF ӯ ӯ ӯ ӯ ӯ ӯ ӯ ӯ ӯ ӯ ӯ X
CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER U WITH DIAERESIS U+04F0 Ӱ Ӱ Ӱ Ӱ Ӱ Ӱ Ӱ Ӱ Ӱ Ӱ Ӱ X
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER U WITH DIAERESIS U+04F1 ӱ ӱ ӱ ӱ ӱ ӱ ӱ ӱ ӱ ӱ ӱ X
CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER U WITH DOUBLE ACUTE U+04F2 Ӳ Ӳ Ӳ Ӳ Ӳ Ӳ Ӳ Ӳ Ӳ Ӳ Ӳ X
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER U WITH DOUBLE ACUTE U+04F3 ӳ ӳ ӳ ӳ ӳ ӳ ӳ ӳ ӳ ӳ ӳ X
CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER CHE WITH DIAERESIS U+04F4 Ӵ Ӵ Ӵ Ӵ Ӵ Ӵ Ӵ Ӵ Ӵ Ӵ Ӵ X
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER CHE WITH DIAERESIS U+04F5 ӵ ӵ ӵ ӵ ӵ ӵ ӵ ӵ ӵ ӵ ӵ X
CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER GHE WITH DESCENDER U+04F6 Ӷ Ӷ Ӷ Ӷ Ӷ Ӷ Ӷ Ӷ Ӷ Ӷ Ӷ X
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER GHE WITH DESCENDER U+04F7 ӷ ӷ ӷ ӷ ӷ ӷ ӷ ӷ ӷ ӷ ӷ X
CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER YERU WITH DIAERESIS U+04F8 Ӹ Ӹ Ӹ Ӹ Ӹ Ӹ Ӹ Ӹ Ӹ Ӹ Ӹ X
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER YERU WITH DIAERESIS U+04F9 ӹ ӹ ӹ ӹ ӹ ӹ ӹ ӹ ӹ ӹ ӹ X
CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER GHE WITH STROKE AND HOOK U+04FA Ӻ Ӻ Ӻ Ӻ Ӻ Ӻ Ӻ Ӻ Ӻ Ӻ Ӻ X
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER GHE WITH STROKE AND HOOK U+04FB ӻ ӻ ӻ ӻ ӻ ӻ ӻ ӻ ӻ ӻ ӻ X
CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER HA WITH HOOK U+04FC Ӽ Ӽ Ӽ Ӽ Ӽ Ӽ Ӽ Ӽ Ӽ Ӽ Ӽ X
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER HA WITH HOOK U+04FD ӽ ӽ ӽ ӽ ӽ ӽ ӽ ӽ ӽ ӽ ӽ X
CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER HA WITH STROKE U+04FE Ӿ Ӿ Ӿ Ӿ Ӿ Ӿ Ӿ Ӿ Ӿ Ӿ Ӿ X
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER HA WITH STROKE U+04FF ӿ ӿ ӿ ӿ ӿ ӿ ӿ ӿ ӿ ӿ ӿ X

Cyrillic Extended-A[edit]

Character name Code point Buk Buk I C2K DV- DV+ Dil Kli Laz Men Rom Comments
COMBINING CYRILLIC LETTER BE U+2DE0
COMBINING CYRILLIC LETTER VE U+2DE1
COMBINING CYRILLIC LETTER GHE U+2DE2
COMBINING CYRILLIC LETTER DE U+2DE3
COMBINING CYRILLIC LETTER ZHE U+2DE4
COMBINING CYRILLIC LETTER ZE U+2DE5
COMBINING CYRILLIC LETTER KA U+2DE6
COMBINING CYRILLIC LETTER EL U+2DE7
COMBINING CYRILLIC LETTER EM U+2DE8
COMBINING CYRILLIC LETTER EN U+2DE9
COMBINING CYRILLIC LETTER O U+2DEA
COMBINING CYRILLIC LETTER PE U+2DEB
COMBINING CYRILLIC LETTER ER U+2DEC
COMBINING CYRILLIC LETTER ES U+2DED
COMBINING CYRILLIC LETTER TE U+2DEE
COMBINING CYRILLIC LETTER HA U+2DEF
COMBINING CYRILLIC LETTER TSE U+2DF0
COMBINING CYRILLIC LETTER CHE U+2DF1
COMBINING CYRILLIC LETTER SHA U+2DF2
COMBINING CYRILLIC LETTER SHCHA U+2DF3
COMBINING CYRILLIC LETTER FITA U+2DF4
COMBINING CYRILLIC LETTER ES-TE U+2DF5
COMBINING CYRILLIC LETTER A U+2DF6
COMBINING CYRILLIC LETTER IE U+2DF7
COMBINING CYRILLIC LETTER DJERV U+2DF8
COMBINING CYRILLIC LETTER MONOGRAPH UK U+2DF9
COMBINING CYRILLIC LETTER YAT U+2DFA
COMBINING CYRILLIC LETTER YU U+2DFB
COMBINING CYRILLIC LETTER IOTIFIED A U+2DFC
COMBINING CYRILLIC LETTER LITTLE YUS U+2DFD
COMBINING CYRILLIC LETTER BIG YUS U+2DFE
COMBINING CYRILLIC LETTER IOTIFIED BIG YUS U+2DFF ⷿ ⷿ ⷿ ⷿ ⷿ ⷿ ⷿ ⷿ ⷿ ⷿ ⷿ

Cyrillic Extended-B[edit]

Character name Code point Buk Buk I C2K DV- DV+ Dil Kli Laz Men Rom Comments
CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER ZEMLYA U+A640
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER ZEMLYA U+A641
CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER DZELO U+A642
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER DZELO U+A643
CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER REVERSED DZE U+A644
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER REVERSED DZE U+A645
CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER IOTA U+A646
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER IOTA U+A647
CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER DJERV U+A648
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER DJERV U+A649
CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER MONOGRAPH UK U+A64A
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER MONOGRAPH UK U+A64B
CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER BROAD OMEGA U+A64C
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER BROAD OMEGA U+A64D
CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER NEUTRAL YER U+A64E
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER NEUTRAL YER U+A64F
CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER YERU WITH BACK YER U+A650
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER YERU WITH BACK YER U+A651
CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER IOTIFIED YAT U+A652
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER IOTIFIED YAT U+A653
CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER REVERSED YU U+A654
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER REVERSED YU U+A655
CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER IOTIFIED A U+A656
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER IOTIFIED A U+A657
CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER CLOSED LITTLE YUS U+A658
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER CLOSED LITTLE YUS U+A659
CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER BLENDED YUS U+A65A
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER BLENDED YUS U+A65B
CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER IOTIFIED CLOSED LITTLE YUS U+A65C
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER IOTIFIED CLOSED LITTLE YUS U+A65D
CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER YN U+A65E
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER YN U+A65F
CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER REVERSED TSE U+A660
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER REVERSED TSE U+A661
CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER SOFT DE U+A662
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER SOFT DE U+A663
CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER SOFT EL U+A664
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER SOFT EL U+A665
CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER SOFT EM U+A666
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER SOFT EM U+A667
CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER MONOCULAR O U+A668
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER MONOCULAR O U+A669
CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER BINOCULAR O U+A66A
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER BINOCULAR O U+A66B
CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER DOUBLE MONOCULAR O U+A66C
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER DOUBLE MONOCULAR O U+A66D
CYRILLIC LETTER MULTIOCULAR O U+A66E
COMBINING CYRILLIC VZMET U+A66F а꙯ а꙯ а꙯ а꙯ а꙯ а꙯ а꙯ а꙯ а꙯ а꙯
COMBINING CYRILLIC TEN MILLIONS SIGN U+A670 а꙰ а꙰ а꙰ а꙰ а꙰ а꙰ а꙰ а꙰ а꙰ а꙰
COMBINING CYRILLIC HUNDRED MILLIONS SIGN U+A671 а꙱ а꙱ а꙱ а꙱ а꙱ а꙱ а꙱ а꙱ а꙱ а꙱
COMBINING CYRILLIC THOUSAND MILLIONS SIGN U+A672 а꙲ а꙲ а꙲ а꙲ а꙲ а꙲ а꙲ а꙲ а꙲ а꙲
SLAVONIC ASTERISK U+A673
COMBINING CYRILLIC KAVYKA U+A67C а꙼ а꙼ а꙼ а꙼ а꙼ а꙼ а꙼ а꙼ а꙼ а꙼
COMBINING CYRILLIC PAYEROK U+A67D а꙽ а꙽ а꙽ а꙽ а꙽ а꙽ а꙽ а꙽ а꙽ а꙽
CYRILLIC KAVYKA U+A67E
CYRILLIC PAYEROK U+A67F
CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER DWE U+A680 X
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER DWE U+A681 X
CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER DZWE U+A682 X
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER DZWE U+A683 X
CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER ZHWE U+A684 X
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER ZHWE U+A685 X
CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER CCHE U+A686 X
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER CCHE U+A687 X
CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER DZZE U+A688 X
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER DZZE U+A689 X
CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER TE WITH MIDDLE HOOK U+A68A X
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER TE WITH MIDDLE HOOK U+A68B X
CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER TWE U+A68C X
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER TWE U+A68D X
CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER TSWE U+A68E X
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER TSWE U+A68F X
CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER TSSE U+A690 X
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER TSSE U+A691 X
CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER TCHE U+A692 X
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER TCHE U+A693 X
CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER HWE U+A694 X
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER HWE U+A695 X
CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER SHWE U+A696 X
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER SHWE U+A697 X

Combining Diacritical Marks for Symbols[edit]

Character name Code point Buk Buk I C2K DV- DV+ Dil Kli Laz Men Rom Comments
COMBINING ENCLOSING CIRCLE
(= Cyrillic combining ten thousands sign)
U+20DD а⃝ а⃝ а⃝ а⃝ а⃝ а⃝ а⃝ а⃝ а⃝ а⃝

Diacritics[edit]

Character name Code point Buk Buk I C2K DV- DV+ Dil Kli Laz Men Rom Comments
COMBINING GRAVE ACCENT U+0300 ̀ а̀ а̀ а̀ а̀ а̀ а̀ а̀ а̀ а̀ а̀ varia
COMBINING ACUTE ACCENT U+0301 ́ а́ а́ а́ а́ а́ а́ а́ а́ а́ а́ oksia
COMBINING DIAERESIS U+0308 ̈ ӓ ӓ ӓ ӓ ӓ ӓ ӓ ӓ ӓ ӓ trema
COMBINING VERTICAL TILDE U+033E ̾ а̾ а̾ а̾ а̾ а̾ а̾ а̾ а̾ а̾ а̾ combining yerik
COMBINING GRAVE TONE MARK U+0340 ̀ а̀ а̀ а̀ а̀ а̀ а̀ а̀ а̀ а̀ а̀ varia
COMBINING ACUTE TONE MARK U+0341 ́ а́ а́ а́ а́ а́ а́ а́ а́ а́ а́ oksia
VERTICAL TILDE U+2E2F yerik [Some fonts like Bukyvede, Dilyana, Lazof, Menaion, have it at U+2E3A, which is incorrect]
U+0486 & 0300 ҆̀ а҆̀ а҆̀ а҆̀ а҆̀ а҆̀ а҆̀ а҆̀ а҆̀ а҆̀ а҆̀ combined psilon pneuma and grave accent (apostrof)
U+0486 & 0340 ҆̀ а҆̀ а҆̀ а҆̀ а҆̀ а҆̀ а҆̀ а҆̀ а҆̀ а҆̀ а҆̀ combined psilon pneuma and grave tone mark (apostrof)
U+0486 & 0301 ҆́ а҆́ а҆́ а҆́ а҆́ а҆́ а҆́ а҆́ а҆́ а҆́ а҆́ combined psilon pneuma and acute accent (iso)
U+0486 & 0341 ҆́ а҆́ а҆́ а҆́ а҆́ а҆́ а҆́ а҆́ а҆́ а҆́ а҆́ combined psilon pneuma and acute tone mark (iso)

Punctuation[edit]

Character name Code point Buk Buk I C2K DV- DV+ Dil Kli Laz Men Rom Comments
EXCLAMATION MARK U+0021 ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! exclamation mark
COMMA U+002C , , , , , , , , , , , comma
FULL STOP U+002E . . . . . . . . . . . full stop
GREEK QUESTION MARK U+037E ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; question mark
GREEK ANO TELEIA U+0387 · · · · · · · · · · · ano teleia, word separator
ARMENIAN FULL STOP U+0589 ։ ։ ։ ։ ։ ։ ։ ։ ։ ։ ։
GEORGIAN PARAGRAPH SEPARATOR U+10FB
TRIANGULAR COLON U+2056 colon
DIAMOND COLON U+2058
QUINTUPLE COLON U+2059

Fonts[edit]

Well, I have all the fonts listed inside {{Cyrs}} installed, and quite a few of others too, but still can't see single one of these new characters. If anyone has a knowledge of a font supporting these unicode ranges, please announce it here. --Ivan Štambuk 17:08, 8 April 2008 (UTC)

I don't think there is one yet.
Dilyana has appropriate glyphs for the existing range, including e/je, ze with tail, jery with backstroke and no dot, digraph uk, old glyphs for ci and červ, and jus glyph in the ja position.
It seems to have just a few of the new ones in its inventory when I inspect it using Apple Font Book, but they don't work for me. —Michael Z. 17:42, 8 April 2008 (UTC)
By the way, the font list is simply Dilyana, plus a copy of the standard list for Cyrl as fallback. There may be other suitable Slavistics fonts to add, but we should confirm that they all use the same glyphs for the same letters. Hopefully we get a full Unicode 5.1 font before too long. —Michael Z. 18:01, 8 April 2008 (UTC)
I opened Dilyana in "Charmap" utility on Windoze (start->run "charmap"), and it does have something but in Private Use area in U+E028, U+E029..which makes is somewhat useless.. --Ivan Štambuk 19:18, 8 April 2008 (UTC)

Found some fonts at Obshtezhitie's Resources page. I'll add a link, but I don't think I can do much more about it in the next week or two. Michael Z. 2008-04-16 21:05 Z

All the characters in the table look good now, except Menaion seems to have a Che-Zhivie ligature glyph for the letter Ksi. Michael Z. 2008-04-16 21:37 Z

RomanCyrillic Std and Kliment Std fonts (both version 3.00) appear to have all of the new characters, but with Latin-type letterforms, not the pre-Petrine Cyrillic style. The combining characters are present, but they don't seem to all work as expected on my Mac.

  • Broad omega with combining titlo:
    • Kliment Std: Ꙍ҃ ꙍ҃
    • RomanCyrillic Std: Ꙍ҃ ꙍ҃
    • Bukyvede: Ꙍ҃ ꙍ҃
  • Broad omega with combining pokrytie:
    • Kliment Std: Ꙍ҇ ꙍ҇
    • RomanCyrillic Std: Ꙍ҇ ꙍ҇
    • Bukyvede: Ꙍ҇ ꙍ҇
  • Broad omega with combining psili pneuma and pokrytie:
    • Kliment Std: Ꙍ҆҇ ꙍ҆҇
    • RomanCyrillic Std: Ꙍ҆҇ ꙍ҆҇
    • Bukyvede: Ꙍ҆҇ ꙍ҆҇
  • A with combining be and pokrytie:
    • Kliment Std: Аⷠ҇ аⷠ҇
    • RomanCyrillic Std: Аⷠ҇ аⷠ҇
    • Bukyvede: Аⷠ҇ аⷠ҇

Possibly of interest, they also have "transliterating" Cyrillic glyphs for the Glagolitic range. Michael Z. 2008-05-20 06:24 z

yery[edit]

Early Cyrillic letter Yery.png - this dude. With Stephen's advice, while adding OCS entries, I abandoned the usage of ligature 'ы' and used digraph 'ъі' instead. Yery was indeed digraph in both Glagolitic and early Cyrillic (and therefore assumed to have represented a diphthong; in contemporary Latin text it was written as "ui"). However, now I see inside n3194.pdf "YERU WITH BACK YER" U+A650 () precisely corresponding to this one (both 'ъ' and 'і but without the dot').

So what to do know? Te relocate all the entries using 'ъі' to 'ꙑ' I'd rather wait until an actual font comes up supporting these, and in the meantime we could continue wrtiting бѹкъі (bukŭi) pro бѹкы (buky) and so on. --Ivan Štambuk 17:19, 8 April 2008 (UTC)

I suggest holding off on any content changes until we have access to a free font, and we know that it will work on Windows and Mac.
For display, it may already be acceptable to use Dilyana font by adding {{Cyrs}} to templates which use sc=Cyrs. On this chart, it displays correct glyphs for everything, although jotified a has to be constructed from і and a, and I can't generate a vertical uk. Unfortunately, the letters are still very small, despite my adding an HTML <big> element, so I think it would require the font size to be increased.
Both ы and digraph ъі display correctly. The only problem is that a jus is displayed for я. —Michael Z. 17:54, 8 April 2008 (UTC)
By the way, Unicode 5.1 recommends ignoring the existing ambiguous letter uk, and using о+у for the digraph, and the new monograph uk for that form. —Michael Z. 19:29, 8 April 2008 (UTC)
OK, so we'll continue with the current practice of using 'ъі' for yery, 'я' for "iotified a" and ambiguous ѹ instead of a digraph оу - all with sc=Cyrs and possibly with head= parameter for {{infl}} that would use 'іа' instead of 'я' so that at least a headword looks properly, until a real font appears. It wouldn't be much of a problem to rename a few hundreds entries en masse (a bot could do it rather trivially) once it becomes possible to do so.
What a mess. --Ivan Štambuk 19:38, 8 April 2008 (UTC)
At least things are finally improving. That sounds right, except I think we can shift to the recommended handling of Uk.
It's safe to start using the two-letter digraph о+у, оу, and to convert existing ambiguous ѹ, ѹ. At least it will have a predictable appearance.
The ambiguous Uk U+0479 renders as a digraph in my versions of Chrysanthi, Arial, Buckvica, Code200, Dilyana, Geneva, Helvetica, Lucida Grande, Microsoft Sans, Thryomanes, and Unicode5, but as a monograph in DejaVu sans and Titus Cyberbit. Unfortunately, the letter U (U+0443) renders as a vertical ligature in a number of Slavist fonts, so these can be considered less than ideal under Unicode 5.1 unless they are updated: Drevnerusski j, Evangelie UCS, Feofan UCS, Indycton UCS, Irmologion Caps, Irmologion UCS, Kirillica Nova Unicode, Pochaevsk, Psaltyr, Slavjanic, Triodon Caps, Triodon UCS, and Zlatoust UCS.
Is it correct that earlier orthographies only used the digraph? Can it be used in the spelling of all words, in all languages? Is use of the monograph only significant in direct quotations and attestations? —Michael Z. 22:55, 8 April 2008 (UTC)
Well, I think that the consistency is the most important thing, and that we should countinue using the non-digraph version and switch to digraph at the same time when we switch to new 5.1 characters. Bot could do the change all in one sweep, and the resulting redirects would than have to be manually checked for orphaning (there are number of wikifed OCS entries in translations tables an appendices, and also OCS declension templates).
I think that Uk was always a digraph in OCS manuscripts. Later Church Slavonic and vernacular texts used a myriad of custom modifications and styles of the entire alphabet. I have no idea how to handle those special cases. All the entries should merit inclusion in the format they were attested. However, for the sake of uniformity all the entries should appear in some "standard format", ignoring irrelevant details - such as ignoring three different 'i' characters and use just 'и' for OCS. Other attestations can appear in ===Alternative spellings=== section.
Those fonts that render U+0443 as a vertical ligature should be kept out of {{Cyrs}}, especially when 5.1 fonts appear.
There's still no Wiktionary:About Old Church Slavonic. I'll look to add to it currently used practice to make some things clear.
Of course, Old East Slavic category is almost empty, and if you want to start adding content to it you'd better start using digraph Uk from the start, and there'll be no inconsistencies for you to worry about. --22:02, 9 April 2008 (UTC)

Introducing Unicode 5.1 support in old Cyrillic[edit]

With Unicode 5.1 there are now several alternate code points representing some letters. We need to choose which to use for a normalized or “canonical” spellings. As Ivan S. suggested above, attested spellings should still be represented, and attested alternate forms should appear.

A few questions remain.

Here's my summary of alternate forms in Unicode, their current usage in Wiktionary, and the issues; please add and correct this list.

jest’
е, єє is used
dzelo
ѕ, ꙅ, ꙃѕ is used
zemlja
з, ꙁз is used, ꙁ is the earlier form, and some manuscripts used both side-by-side
iže
і, їі is used
on
о, ѻ, ꙩ, ꙫ, ꙭ, ꙮо is used
uk
о+у, ꙋ, ѹѹ (digraph character) is used, but Unicode now recommends о+у
ot
ѡ, ꙍ, ѿ—ѡ is used
jery
ꙑ, ы, ъ+іъ+і is used
ju
ю, ꙕю is used
ja
ꙗ, я, і+ая is used, but the glyph is incorrect, including in most Slavonic fonts; the use of the two forms does not overlap in historical documents, so they could be considered the same letter

My thoughts:

  • The normalized forms of words are already represented adequately and unambiguously, so there is no critical need for changes.
  • To be able to attest historical sources accurately, we will need to start adding alternative forms using Unicode 5.1 characters, which will display incorrectly for some readers. It's okay to start adding these links now, as long as a normalized entry exists.
  • To fully support the new Unicode standard in canonical forms, three issues need to be addressed first:
    1. Оу Digraph ѹ should be transitioned to the recommended о+у. This doesn't require Unicode 5.1 support, is easier to edit, and looks identical. I believe this can be done ad-hoc or all at once with a bot at any time, and it's okay to start using this form for new entries.
    2. The equivalent modern letter is ы, but has a slightly different glyph in almost all modern and Slavonic fonts. ъ+i looks right, and is etymologically equivalent, but lacks the functional advantage of keeping different-language entries together. When support for Unicode 5.1 is good enough, we may as well transition to the new character.
    3. The direct equivalent modern letter is я, but its glyph is significantly different . і+а looks better, but using it gives no functional advantage. When support for Unicode 5.1 is good enough, we should transition to the new character.

When is support good enough to start using new characters in normalized entries? With the right fonts installed, I haven't seen any display problems even though my Mac OS only supports Unicode 5.0. For a number of other non-Latin writing systems, a reader must download non-standard fonts already, and a student of old Slavic languages should install them anyway. I doubt that such fonts will become standard in operating systems, no matter how long we wait.

Since several decent Unicode 5.1 Slavonic fonts are freely available, I have no objection to transitioning now. But I also don't mind holding off if there are objections. Michael Z. 2008-11-06 21:05 z