From Middle High German mensche, mensch, from the Old High German mennisko, a substantivization of the adjective mennisk, from man (whence modern German Mann). (The word is retained as an adjective in some German dialects.) Cognates include Dutch mens (“human”), Swedish människa.
- Mensch is a weak noun in the standard language, but is part of a group of nouns which have a stark tendency to be strong colloquially, so one will often hear dem Mensch instead of dem Menschen.
- English (via Yiddish): mensch