dārgs

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See also: dargs

Latvian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

There are differing suggestions on the origin of this term, the most likely of which is to derive it from Proto-Indo-European *der-, *dor- (to tear, to peel, to pluck, to slice) (whence also dergties (to feel disgusted), q.v.), with an extra , from which Proto-Baltic *darg- > *dargs > dārgs (with lengthening from the intonation on -àr- > -ā̀r). The original meaning could have been “which got torn, became unpleasant” (compare Lithuanian dargùs (disgusting, unpleasant), Latvian derdzīgs (hideous)) > “unpleasantly high (price, reward)” > “expensive, having high value, valuable,” from which metaphorically “dear, beloved.” Note that the “beloved” meaning is relatively recent: it is not typical of old folkloric language. Other scholars, however, derive dārgs from Proto-Indo-European *dʰer- (to hold, to prop, to support). A third suggestion is that this stem is a Slavic innovation (with “dear, beloved” as the original meaning), from which it was borrowed into Baltic. Cognates include Proto-Slavic *dorgъ (expensive, dear, beloved) (Old Church Slavonic драгъ (dragŭ), Russian дорогой (dorogój), Belarusian дарагі (daragí), Ukrainian дорогий (dorohýj), Bulgarian драг (drag), Czech drahý, Polish drogi).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

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Adjective[edit]

dārgs (def. dārgais, comp. dārgāks, sup. visdārgākais; adv. dārgi)

  1. expensive, costly (having a high price, for which one must pay very much)
    pārmērīgi dārgs — prohibitively expensive
    cik dārgs? — how expensive (is it)? how much does it cost?
    dārgs gredzens, tērpsexpensive ring, clothes
    dārgas kažokādas, konfektesexpensive fur, candy
    dārga laboratorijas iekārtaexpensive laboratory equipment
    smēķēt dārgus cigārus — to smoke expensive cigars
    dārgs dzīvoklisexpensive apartment
  2. expensive, costly (which takes a lot of money for its services, realization, maintenance)
    dārgs meistars, amatnieksexpensive tradesman, artisan
    dārga dzīveexpensive life
    dārgas izpriecasexpensive, costly pleasures
  3. dear, important, valuable, precious (having great significance, high value; being difficult to find)
    pasaules tautām miers ir dārgs — peace is dear, important to the people of the world
    katrs ūdens piliens ir dārgs — every drop of water is dear, important
    laiks, katrs bridis, mirklis ir dārgs — time, every moment is dear, important
  4. dear, cherished, precious, beloved (that about which one has strong feelings)
    dārgas atmiņasdear, cherished memories
    mans dārgais bērns — my dear, beloved child
    dārgie viesi!dear guests!
    visdārgākais cilvēksmost cherished, beloved person

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ “dārgs” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca, in 2 vols, Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN: 9984-700-12-7