disk

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English[edit]

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Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Ancient Greek δίσκος (diskos, a circular plate suited for hurling), from δικείν (dikein, to hurl, to launch).

Noun[edit]

disk (plural disks)

  1. A thin, flat, circular plate or similar object.
    A coin is a disk of metal.
  2. (figuratively) Something resembling a disk.
    Venus' disk cut off light from the Sun.
  3. (dated) A vinyl phonograph/gramophone record.
    Turn the disk over, after it has finished.
  4. (computing) A floppy disk - removable magnetic medium or a hard disk - fixed, persistent digital storage.
    He still uses floppy disks from 1979.
  5. (computing, nonstandard) A disc - either a CD-ROM, an audio CD, a DVD or similar removable storage medium.
    She burned some disks yesterday to back up her computer.
  6. (agriculture) A harrow.
  7. (botany) A ring- or cup-shaped enlargement of the flower receptacle or ovary that bears nectar or, less commonly, the stamens.

Usage notes[edit]

In International English, disk is the correct spelling for magnetic disks. If the medium is optical, the variant disc is usually preferred, although computing is a peculiar field for the term. For instance hard disk and other disk drives are always thus spelled, yet so are terms like compact discs. Thus, if referring to a physical drive or older media (3" or 5.25" diskettes) the k is used, but c is used for newer (optical based) media.

Less commonly, in British English, disc has been used for magnetic disks, as in floppy disc and discette.

Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

disk (third-person singular simple present disks, present participle disking, simple past and past participle disked)

  1. (agriculture) to harrow
    • 1916, Various, Trees, Fruits and Flowers of Minnesota, 1916[1]:
      That is alkali. Mr. Kochendorfer: I have a ten-year apple orchard that I disked last year and kept it tolerably clean this spring.
    • 1948, Various, Northern Nut Growers Association Incorporated 39th Annual Report[2]:
      The next year I plowed and disked the patch of ground and planted potatoes.
    • 1991 September 6, Jerry Sullivan, “Field & Street”, Chicago Reader:
      The soil is plowed and disked and then seeded with a mixture of prairie plants.

Anagrams[edit]


Czech[edit]

Noun[edit]

disk m

  1. disc, disk (thin, flat, circular plate or similar object)
    hod diskem

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]


Old Saxon[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Proto-Germanic *diskaz, whence also Old English disc, Old Norse diskr

Noun[edit]

disk m

  1. plate

Swedish[edit]

Noun[edit]

disk c

  1. counter; table on which business is transacted
  2. washing-up
  3. dirty dishes
  4. (anatomy) disc
  5. disk drive

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]