dubh

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Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish dub, from Proto-Celtic *dubus (black), from Proto-Indo-European *dʰewbʰ- (black). Cognates include English deaf.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

dubh

  1. black
  2. black-haired

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
dubh dhubh ndubh
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish dub (black), from Proto-Celtic *dubus (black), from Proto-Indo-European *dʰewbʰ- (black). Cognates within Celtic include Breton du (black), Welsh du (black), Cornish duv or du (black), Gaulish river name Dubis, now Doubs. Cognates outside Celtic include Ancient Greek τυφλός (tuphlós, blind), Gothic 𐌳𐌰𐌿𐌱𐍃 (daubs, deaf), German taub (deaf), English deaf, English dumb.[1][2]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /dʊv/, /duːv/, /duː/, [d̪̊u], /t̪u/

Adjective[edit]

dubh

  1. black
  2. black-haired
    Tha Dòmhnall Dubh an Dòmnallaich an tòir air Mòraig a-nochd. ― Black-haired Donald MacDonald is chasing after Morag tonight.

Derived terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

dubh m (genitive duibh, plural dubhan)

  1. blackness, darkness
  2. ink
  3. pupil (of eye)

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Verb[edit]

dubh (past dhubh, future dubhaidh, verbal noun dubhadh, past participle dubhte)

  1. blacken

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ dubh at Etymological Dictionary of the Gaelic Language, Alexander MacBain, Eneas Mackay, 1911 . Accessed 4 Feb. 2015.
  2. ^ dub at Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, Dublin. Accessed 4 Feb. 2015.