forgive

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English forgiven (to forgive), from Old English forġiefan (to forgive, give up, provide), from Proto-Germanic *fragebaną (to give away; give up; release; forgive), corresponding to for- +‎ give. Cognate with Scots forgeve, forgif, forgie (to forgive), West Frisian ferjaan (to forgive), Dutch vergeven (to forgive), German vergeben (to forgive), Icelandic fyrirgefa (to forgive).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • enPR: fər-gĭv', fôr-gĭv', IPA(key): /fə(r)ˈɡɪv/, /fɔː(r)ˈɡɪv/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɪv

Verb[edit]

forgive (third-person singular simple present forgives, present participle forgiving, simple past forgave, past participle forgiven)

  1. (transitive) To pardon, to waive any negative feeling or desire for punishment.
    Only the brave know how to forgive...A coward never forgave; it is not in his nature. - Laurence Sterne
  2. (intransitive) To accord forgiveness.

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

References[edit]