pardon

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See also: Pardon

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Middle English pardonen from Old French pardoner from Vulgar Latin *perdonare, from per- + donare, a loan-translation of a Germanic word represented by Frankish *firgeban (to forgive, give up completely), from fir- + geban. Akin to Old High German fargeban, firgeban (to forgive), Old English forġiefan (to forgive). More at forgive.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

pardon (plural pardons)

  1. Forgiveness for an offence.
    • 1748: Samuel Richardson, Clarissa
      a step, that could not be taken with the least hope of ever obtaining pardon from or reconciliation with any of my friends;
  2. (law) An order that releases a convicted criminal without further punishment, prevents future punishment, or (in some jurisdictions) removes an offence from a person's criminal record, as if it had never been committed.
    • 1974: President Gerald Ford, Proclamation 4311
      I... have granted and by these presents do grant a full, free, and absolute pardon unto Richard Nixon for all offenses against the United States ...

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

Verb[edit]

pardon (third-person singular simple present pardons, present participle pardoning, simple past and past participle pardoned)

  1. (transitive) To forgive.
    • 1599: William Shakespeare, Julius Caesar
      O, pardon me, thou bleeding piece of earth, / That I am meek and gentle with these butchers!
    • 1815: Jane Austen, Emma
      I hope you will not find he has outstepped the truth more than may be pardoned, in consideration of the motive.
    • 1898, Winston Churchill, chapter 1, The Celebrity:
      In the old days, to my commonplace and unobserving mind, he gave no evidences of genius whatsoever. He never read me any of his manuscripts, […], and therefore my lack of detection of his promise may in some degree be pardoned.
  2. (transitive) To refrain from exacting as a penalty.
    • Shakespeare
      I pardon thee thy life before thou ask it.
  3. (transitive, law) To grant an official pardon for a crime; unguilt.

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

Interjection[edit]

Pardon?

  1. Often used when someone does not understand what another person says.
    Pardon?, What did you say?, Can you say that again?

Translations[edit]


French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Deverbal of pardonner.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (file)
  • (file)
  • IPA(key): /paʁ.dɔ̃/

Interjection[edit]

pardon

  1. excuse me
  2. sorry

Descendants[edit]

Noun[edit]

pardon m

  1. pardon, forgiveness

Anagrams[edit]

External links[edit]


Swedish[edit]

Noun[edit]

pardon c

  1. mercy

Synonyms[edit]