excuse

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
See also: excusé

English[edit]

Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English excusen, from Old French escuser, from Latin excūsō (to excuse, allege in excuse, literally, free from a charge), from ex (out) + causa (a charge); see cause and accuse.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb

Noun

Verb[edit]

excuse (third-person singular simple present excuses, present participle excusing, simple past and past participle excused)

  1. (transitive) To forgive; to pardon.
    I excused him his transgressions.
    • Shakespeare
      I must excuse what cannot be amended.
    • Archbishop Sharp
      A man's persuasion that a thing is duty, will not excuse him from guilt in practising it, if really and indeed it be against God's law.
  2. (transitive) To allow to leave.
    May I be excused from the table?
    I excused myself from the proceedings to think over what I'd heard.
  3. (transitive) To provide an excuse for; to explain, with the aim of alleviating guilt or negative judgement.
    You know he shouldn't have done it, so don't try to excuse his behavior!
  4. To relieve of an imputation by apology or defense; to make apology for as not seriously evil; to ask pardon or indulgence for.
    • Bible, 2. Corinthians xii. 19
      Think ye that we excuse ourselves to you?

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Noun[edit]

excuse (plural excuses)

  1. An explanation designed to avoid or alleviate guilt or negative judgment.
    Tell me why you were late – and I don't want to hear any excuses!
  2. (law) A defense to a criminal or civil charge wherein the accused party admits to doing acts for which legal consequences would normally be appropriate, but asserts that special circumstances relieve that party of culpability for having done those acts.
  3. (with negative adjective prepositioned, especially sorry or poor) An example.
    That thing is a poor excuse for a gingerbread man. Hasn't anyone taught you how to bake?
    He's a sorry excuse of a doctor.

Usage notes[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

  • (explanation designed to avoid or alleviate guilt or negative judgment): pretext

Translations[edit]

External links[edit]


French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From excuser.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

excuse f (plural excuses)

  1. excuse

Verb[edit]

excuse

  1. first-person singular present indicative of excuser
  2. third-person singular present indicative of excuser
  3. first-person singular present subjunctive of excuser
  4. third-person singular present subjunctive of excuser
  5. second-person singular imperative of excuser

External links[edit]


Latin[edit]

Participle[edit]

excūse

  1. vocative masculine singular of excūsus

Spanish[edit]

Verb[edit]

excuse

  1. Formal second-person singular (usted) imperative form of excusar.
  2. First-person singular (yo) present subjunctive form of excusar.
  3. Formal second-person singular (usted) present subjunctive form of excusar.
  4. Third-person singular (él, ella, also used with usted?) present subjunctive form of excusar.