garnir

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French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle French garnir, from Old French guarnir (to protect (oneself), armour up), from Frankish *warnijan (to ward, take care of something), from Proto-Germanic *warnijaną (to worry, be careful, take heed, refuse, withhold), from Proto-Indo-European *wer- (to close, cover, protect, save, defend). Compare Italian guarnire. Cognate with Middle Dutch waernen (to provide, equip), Middle Low German warnen, wernen (to secure, arm), Old English wiernan (to withhold, be sparing of, deny, refuse, reject, decline, forbid, prevent), Old Norse varna (to prevent, refuse, protect). Related to warn.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

garnir

  1. to furnish (a building, a room)
  2. (military, dated) to arm
  3. to decorate, to pretty, to garnish

Conjugation[edit]

  • This is a regular verb of the second conjugation, like finir, choisir, and most other verbs with infinitives ending in -ir. One salient feature of this conjugation is the repeated appearance of the infix -iss-.

Related terms[edit]

External links[edit]


Middle French[edit]

Verb[edit]

garnir

  1. to equip; to furnish with
  2. to decorate
    • circa 1369, Jean Froissart, Chroniques:
      Guy de Trimouille fist tres richemment garnir la nef ou son corps devoit passer
      Guy de Trimouille richly decorated the boat where his body should lay

Old French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Frankish *warnjan, from *warnōn.

Verb[edit]

garnir

  1. to protect
  2. (by extension) to arm (provide with arms)
  3. (by extension) to armor
  4. (by extension) to clothe

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]