gladius

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin gladius (Roman short sword, gladius).

Noun[edit]

gladius (plural gladiuses or gladii)

  1. (historical) A Roman sword roughly two feet long.
    • 1882, "The Genesis of the Sword", Popular Science Monthly, Volume 21, page 81:
      Finally, the Romans made the gladius—sharp, of highly-tempered steel, and strongly piercing—the first real sword (Figs. 17, 18, 19), of which only five specimens are now known to exist.
    • 2007, Pat Southern, The Roman Army: A Social and Institutional History, page 212:
      The gladius was effective either for cutting or for thrusting and was used by legionaries and auxiliaries.
  2. (zoology) A pen, the internal skeleton of squid made of chitin-like material.

Translations[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Gladius.

From Latin gladius (Roman short sword, gladius).

Noun[edit]

gladius m (plural gladii, diminutive gladiusje n)

  1. Roman short sword; gladius

Hypernyms[edit]

See also[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

Like many Dutch words borrowed from Latin, the plural takes the form of the Latin nominative plural.


Finnish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

< Latin

Noun[edit]

gladius

  1. gladius (Roman sword)

Declension[edit]

Hypernyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]


Latin[edit]

gladius (sword)

Etymology[edit]

Possibly from Gaulish *kladyos (sword) (compare Old Irish claideb (sword)), from Proto-Celtic *kladiwos (sword), from Proto-Indo-European *kelh₂- (to beat, break). Could possibly also be inherited.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

gladius m (genitive gladiī); second declension

  1. sword
    Mitte gladium in vaginam.
    Put the sword into its sheath.
    In gladium incumbere.
    To fall on one's sword.
  2. (figuratively) murder, death
  3. a gladiatorial contest
  4. swordfish

Inflection[edit]

Second declension, nominative singular in -ius.

Number Singular Plural
nominative gladius gladiī
genitive gladiī,
gladī1
gladiōrum
dative gladiō gladiīs
accusative gladium gladiōs
ablative gladiō gladiīs
vocative gladī gladiī

1In earlier Latin.

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]