- enPR: grāt, IPA: /ɡɹeɪtʰ/, /ɡɹeɪt̚ʔ/, X-SAMPA: /greIt/
Audio (US) (file)
- Rhymes: -eɪt
- Homophone: great
Etymology 1 
grate (plural grates)
- A horizontal metal grille through which water, ash, or small objects can fall, while larger objects cannot.
- The grate stopped the sheep from escaping from their field.
- (transitive) To furnish with grates; to protect with a grating or crossbars.
- to grate a window
Etymology 2 
From Old French grater (“to scrape”) ( > French gratter), from Frankish kratton, Proto-Germanic. Cognate with Old High German krazzon ( > German kratzen (“to scrawl”) > Danish kradse ), Icelandic krassa (“to scrawl”)  and Danish kratte.
- (transitive, cooking) To shred things, usually foodstuffs, by rubbing across a grater.
- I need to grate the cheese before the potato is cooked.
- (intransitive) To rub against, making a (usually unpleasant) squeaking sound.
- Listening to his teeth grate all day long drives me mad.
- The chalk grated against the board.
- (by extension) To grate on one’s nerves; to irritate or annoy.
- She’s nice enough, but she can begin to grate on my nerves if there is no-one else to talk to.
Derived terms 
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.
- IPA: /ˈɡrate/
- Feminine plural form of grato
From grātus (“agreeable”).