hock

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English[edit]

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Etymology 1[edit]

From hockamore, from the name of the German town of Hochheim am Main.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

hock (plural hocks)

  1. A Rhenish wine, of a light yellow color, either sparkling or still, from the Hochheim region, but often applied to all Rhenish wines.

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle English hoch, hough, hocke, from Old English hōh, from Proto-Germanic *hanhaz (compare West Frisian hakke, Dutch hak, Low German Hack), from Proto-Indo-European *kenk (compare Lithuanian kìnka ‘leg, thigh, knee-cap’, kenklė̃ ‘knee-cap’, Sanskrit कङ्काल (kaṅkāla) ‘skeleton’)

Noun[edit]

hock (plural hocks)

  1. The tarsal joint of a digitigrade quadruped, such as a horse, pig or dog.
  2. Meat from that part of a food animal.
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

hock (third-person singular simple present hocks, present participle hocking, simple past and past participle hocked)

  1. (transitive) To disable by cutting the tendons of the hock; to hamstring; to hough.

Etymology 3[edit]

(Can this(+) etymology be sourced?) From Dutch hok (prison, debt).

Verb[edit]

hock (third-person singular simple present hocks, present participle hocking, simple past and past participle hocked)

  1. (transitive, colloquial) To leave with a pawnbroker as security for a loan.
Translations[edit]

Noun[edit]

hock (uncountable)

  1. Pawn, obligation as collateral for a loan.
    He needed $750 to get his guitar out of hock at the pawnshop.
    • 2012 April 25, Patty Murphy, “Business bulletin”, Associated Press, page 10A:
      But Ford Motor Co. needs another agency, either Standard & Poor's or Moody's, to make the same upgrade before it can get its blue oval logo, factories and other assets out of hock.
  2. Debt.
    They were in hock to the bank for $35 million.
  3. Installment purchase.
    • 2007, Tara Hanks, The Mmm Girl: Marilyn Monroe, by Herself, page 28:
      Later, Uncle Doc bought a couch on hock, then a bed.
  4. Prison.
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

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Yiddish האַק (hak), imperative singular form of האַקן (hakn, to knock), from the idiomatic expression האַק מיר נישט קען טשײַניק (hak mir nisht ken tshaynik, don't hock me a teakettle)

Alternative forms[edit]

Verb[edit]

hock (third-person singular simple present hocks, present participle hocking, simple past and past participle hocked)

  1. (US) To bother; to pester; to annoy incessantly

Anagrams[edit]