lehren

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See also: Lehren

German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old High German lēren, from Proto-Germanic *laizijaną, from *laizō (lore). Cognate with Low German lehren, Dutch leren, English lere, Swedish lära, Norwegian lære. Related to lernen.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

lehren (third-person singular simple present lehrt, past tense lehrte, past participle gelehrt, auxiliary haben)

  1. (transitive or intransitive) to teach a class, a subject; to be a teacher
    Ich lehre Geschichte. – I teach history.
    Sie lehrt an der Uni. – She's a teacher at the university.
  2. (formal, transitive) to teach somebody something
    Meine Großmutter lehrte mich das Stricken.
    My grandmother taught me knitting.

Usage notes[edit]

  • A more common word for sense 2, particularly in spoken German, is beibringen.
  • Traditional grammar requires lehren (unlike beibringen) to be used only with accusative objects, i.e. with a double accusative as in the example above. However, a dative construction is also heard now and then. Thus: Meine Großmutter lehrte mir das Stricken.

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

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