paradigm

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English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Established 1475-85 from Late Latin paradīgma, from Ancient Greek παράδειγμα (parádeigma, pattern).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

paradigm (plural paradigms)

  1. An example serving as a model or pattern; a template.
    • 2000, "Estate of William F. Jenkins v. Paramount Pictures Corp.":
      According to the Fourth Circuit, “Coca-Cola” is “the paradigm of a descriptive mark that has acquired secondary meaning”.
    • 2003, Nicholas Asher and Alex Lascarides, Logics of Conversation, Cambridge University Press, ISBN 0 521 65058 5, page 46:
      DRT is a paradigm example of a dynamic semantic theory, []
  2. (linguistics) A set of all forms which contain a common element, especially the set of all inflectional forms of a word or a particular grammatical category.
    The paradigm of "go" is "go, went, gone."
  3. A system of assumptions, concepts, values, and practices that constitutes a way of viewing reality.
  4. A conceptual framework—an established thought process.
  5. A way of thinking which can occasionally lead to misleading predispositions; a prejudice. A route of mental efficiency which has presumably been verified by affirmative results/predictions.
  6. A philosophy consisting of ‘top-bottom’ ideas (namely biases which could possibly make the practitioner susceptible to the ‘confirmation bias’).

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

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References[edit]

  • paradigm” in The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition, Houghton Mifflin Company, 2000.
  • paradigm” in Dictionary.com Unabridged, v1.0.1, Lexico Publishing Group, 2006.
  • "paradigm" in WordNet 2.0, Princeton University, 2003.