phthisis

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin phthisis, from Ancient Greek φθίσις (phthísis, consumption, decline, wasting away), from φθίω (phthíō, I waste away).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈfθaɪsɪs/, IPA(key): /ˈθaɪsɪs/, IPA(key): /ˈtaɪsɪs/
  • Hyphenation: phthi‧sis

Noun[edit]

phthisis (plural phthises)

  1. (archaic) An atrophy of the body or part of the body, especially pulmonary tuberculosis.
    • 1985, Anthony Burgess, Kingdom of the Wicked:
      Tired from his journey and his chronic lung weakness, which he had saved from turning to phthisis by winter sojourns in Egypt, he was yet goodhumoured enough when his deputy reported the arrival of a gang of Jews who wanted judgment on something or someone.
    • c.1830-40's, Edgar Allan Poe, The Facts in the Case of M. Valdemar:Complete Stories and Poems of Edgar Allan Poe:
      For some months to my becoming acquainted with him, his physicians had declared him in a confirmed phthisis. It was his custom, indeed, to speak calmly of his approaching dissolution, as a matter neither to be avoided nor regretted.

Translations[edit]

Related terms[edit]


Latin[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From the Ancient Greek φθῐ́σῐς (phthísis).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

phthisis f (genitive phthisis); third declension

  1. consumption, phthisis, tuberculosis
    • (Can we find and add a quotation of Aulus Cornelius Celsus to this entry?)
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Declension[edit]

Third declension i-stem.

Number Singular Plural
nominative phthisis phthisēs
genitive phthisis phthisium
dative phthisī phthisibus
accusative phthisem phthisēs
phthisīs
ablative phthise phthisibus
vocative phthisis phthisēs

Synonyms[edit]

  • (consumption, phthisis, tuberculosis): phthoē

Related terms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • phthĭsis in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short, A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1879
  • phthĭsis” on page 1,177/3 of Félix Gaffiot’s Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette (1934)
  • “p(h)thisis” on page 1,376/2 of the Oxford Latin Dictionary (1st ed., 1968–82)