swarm

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English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

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Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English swarm, from Old English swearm (swarm, multitude), from Proto-Germanic *swarmaz (swarm, dizziness), from Proto-Indo-European *swer- (to buzz, hum). Cognate with Scots swarm (swarm), Dutch zwerm (swarm), German Schwarm (swarm), Danish sværm (swarm), Swedish svärm (swarm), Icelandic svarmur (tumult, swarm), Latin susurrus (whispering, humming), Lithuanian surma (a pipe), Russian свирель (svirel', a pipe, reed).

Noun[edit]

swarm of locusts.

swarm (plural swarms)

  1. A large number of insects, especially when in motion or (for bees) migrating to a new colony.
    • Milton
      a deadly swarm of hornets
  2. A mass of people, animals or things in motion or turmoil.
    a swarm of meteorites
    • Addison
      those prodigious swarms that had settled themselves in every part of it [Italy]
Translations[edit]
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle English swarmen, swermen, from Old English swierman (to swarm), from Proto-Germanic *swarmijaną (to swarm). Cognate with Scots swairm, swerm (to swarm), Dutch zwermen (to swarm), German schwärmen (to swarm), Danish sværme (to swarm), Swedish svärma (to swarm).

Verb[edit]

swarm (third-person singular simple present swarms, present participle swarming, simple past and past participle swarmed)

  1. (intransitive) To move as a swarm.
  2. (intransitive) To teem, or be overrun with insects, people, etc.
    • Spenser
      Every place swarms with soldiers.
  3. (transitive) To fill a place as a swarm.
  4. (transitive) To overwhelm as by an opposing army.
  5. To climb by gripping with arms and legs alternately.
    • W. Coxe
      At the top was placed a piece of money, as a prize for those who could swarm up and seize it.
    • 1919, W. Somerset Maugham, The Moon and Sixpence, chapter 55
      She called out, and a boy came running along. He swarmed up a tree, and presently threw down a ripe nut. Ata pierced a hole in it, and the doctor took a long, refreshing draught.
  6. To breed multitudes.
    • Milton
      Not so thick swarmed once the soil / Bedropped with blood of Gorgon.
Translations[edit]
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

See also[edit]

Anagrams[edit]