tauta

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Finnish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

tauta

  1. Partitive singular form of tau.

Anagrams[edit]


Icelandic[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

tauta (weak verb, third-person singular past indicative tautaði, supine tautað)

  1. to mutter

Conjugation[edit]


Latvian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Baltic *tawtā-, from Proto-Indo-European *towtā, an o-grade form of *tewtā-, *tewtéh₂ (throng, multitude; people; land), from the stem *tew- (to swell). This word had several meanings in its history, often still found in folk tales: “(group of) foreigners,” “strangers,” “enemy tribe,” etc. In the 17th century, ļaudis, not tauta, was used in the sence of “people, nation.” In translations of German texts, (non-native) translators often used tauta to mean also “tribe,” “nation,” “(social) group” (compare German Geschlecht, Gattung), even “(animal or vegetal) species.” In the 19th century, the range of uses was narrowed, especially in the 1850s and 1860s with the first Latvian National Awakening, where the word tauta became associated with the idea of “nation” and was first used to refer to the Latvian people. It then stabilized with its current (political-ethnographic) meaning. Cognates include Lithuanian tautà, Sudovian taud (from *tauta), Old Prussian tauto (land), Proto-Germanic *þeudō (Gothic 𐌸𐌹𐌿𐌳𐌰 (þiuda), Old English þeod, Old High German diot, German deutsch, from *diut-isk), Old Irish túath (people, tribe), Oscan touto (country, citizens, community).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

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Noun[edit]

tauta f (4th declension)

  1. people, nation (historically formed group of people, usually having a common culture, language, and territory)
    latviešu tauta — the Latvian people, nation
    lietuviešu tauta — the Lithuanian people, nation
    vācu tauta — the German people, nation
    tautas izcelšanās — the origin, ethnogenesis of a nation
    tautas vēsturepeople's, national history
    tautu draudzība — friendship among nations
    kultūras tauta — cultured, cultivated nation
    tautas garsnational spirit (= cultural, spiritual, psychological specificity)
  2. (in the genitive, used adjectivally) people's, popular, folk, national (that which is typical or traditional of a nation)
    tautas daiļradefolk, national creation, art
    tautas mākslafolk, popular art
    tautas teikasfolk legends
    tautas daiļamatniecībafolk craft
    tautas mūzika, dejasfolk music, dances
    tautas dziesmafolk song, verse
    tautas ticējumifolk beliefs
    tautas ēdienipopular, ethnic food
    tautas tērpsfolk, ethnic costume
    tautas epossfolk epic
    tautas medicīna, ārstniecībafolk medicine
  3. people (group of inhabitants of a given area)
    Latvijas tauta — the people of Latvia
    tautas skaitīšana — census (lit. people counting)
  4. (in the genitive, used adjectivally) popular, people's (that which was made by, is typical of, the people of a certain area; that which defends their interests)
    tautas izglītības sistēmapopular education system
    tautas frontepopular front
  5. people (a large number of individuals; people in general)
    mašīnā tagad tautas ir vairāk, visiem sēdvietu nepietiek — there are more people in the car now, there won't be enough sitting space for all
    viņš gaida, kad sanāks vairāk tautas — he waited for (the time) when more people would come
    tauta runā, ka tu institūtā tikpat kā neesot redzētspeople are saying that it's as if you haven't been seen at the institute (= that you haven't been there often enough)
  6. (colloquial) people (a group of individuals with some specific characteristic feature)
    zvejnieki ir trūcīga tauta — fishermen are a poor people
    mēs, mākslinieki, esam nelaimīga tauta — we, the artists, are an unhappy people
    bērniem, bērniem vajag rakstīt! tā ir vispateicīgākā tauta — the children, the children must write! they are (lit. that is) the most promising, gratifying people
    kaķi vispār ir tāda tauta, no kuras nezini, ko kurā brīdī sagaidīsi — cats in general are such a people, from which you don't know what and when to expect
  7. (in folklore; usually plural)people from another region, family group, village
    tautu meita — (lit. daughter of the people) young woman from another region or family group
    tautu dēls — (lit. son of the people) young man from another region or family group

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ “tauta” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca, in 2 vols, Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN: 9984-700-12-7

Lithuanian[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *tewtéh₂

Noun[edit]

tautà f stress pattern 4

  1. land, region, country

References[edit]

  • tauta in Lietuvių kalbos etimologinio žodyno duomenų bazė