topsy-turvy

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English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (file)

Etymology[edit]

Earlier topside-turvey, topsy-tervy; probably for top so turvy; that is, the top as turvy, as it were turvy, where turvy probably means "overturned", from Old English torfian (to throw), from Proto-Germanic *turbōną (to fling, hurl). Related to Old English tearflian (to wallow, roll over), Old English ġetyrfian (to assail with missiles; attack; assault). More at terve.

Adjective[edit]

topsy-turvy (comparative topsy-turvier, superlative topsy-turviest)

  1. Backwards or upside-down; disorderly; chaotic.

Translations[edit]

Adverb[edit]

topsy-turvy (comparative more topsy-turvy, superlative most topsy-turvy)

  1. Backwards or upside-down; disorderly; chaotically.

Translations[edit]