ķemmēt

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Latvian[edit]

Ķemmēt matus

Etymology[edit]

From ķemmē(comb), a borrowing from Low German, made into a second conjugation verb stem (ending -ēt). Alternatively, it may be a direct borrowing from Middle Low German [Term?] (cf. German kämmen(to comb)). First mentioned in 17th-century sources.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

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Verb[edit]

ķemmēt tr., 2nd conj., pres. ķemmēju, ķemmē, ķemmē, past ķemmēju

  1. (of people's hair) to comb (to smooth with a comb)
    ķemmēt matus‎ ― to comb (one's) hair
    ķemmēt pie spoguļa matus‎ ― to comb one's hair by the mirror
    kandidāts bija nedaudz pāri labākajiem gadiem, vairākas dienas neķemmētiem pelēkiem matiem‎ ― the nominee was a little over his better years, with hair many days uncombed
  2. (of animal hair, fur) to comb (to smooth, also to clean, with a comb)
    ķemmēt suni‎ ― to comb the dog
    ķemmēt zirgam krēpes‎ ― to comb the mane of the horse
  3. (colloquial, especially military) to comb (to search thoroughly)
    fašisti gatavojās ķemmēt mežu‎ ― the fascists are preparing to comb the forest
    ciemā jau iet žandarmu ķēde, ķemmēdama māju pēc mājas; meklē vīriešus‎ ― in the village a chain (= group) of gendarmes is going (around), combing house after house; they are looking for (certain) men

Conjugation[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

prefixed verbs:
other derived terms:

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “ķemme”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7