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Alternative forms[edit]


From Proto-Balto-Slavic *źinaˀ-, *źnaˀ-; compare Latvian zinât ‎(know), Old Prussian posinnat ‎(confess), Proto-Slavic *znàti. From Proto-Indo-European *ǵneh₃-. The Baltic words are from the nasal-infixed present, *ǵn̥néh₃-, while the Slavic forms are from the aorist, *ǵnéh₃-.[1] Cognates include Proto-Germanic *kunnaną, Sanskrit जानाति ‎(jānā́ti, know), Ancient Greek γιγνώσκω ‎(gignṓskō, know), Latin nōscō ‎(know, recognise).

In view of the present tense and derivatives, the verb was apparently later reanalysed as containing the verbal suffix -óti.


  • IPA(key): /ʒɪˈnoː.tʲɪ/


žinóti ‎(third-person present tense žìno, third-person past tense žinójo)

  1. to know (be aware of; sure of)
    Žinaũ, ką̃ galvóji. – I know what you're thinking
    Dejà, anaiptõl ne visíems nežinotinas, kur̃ šuõ pakàstas. – Unfortunately, by no means does everyone need to know the crux of the matter.


Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]


  1. ^ Derksen, Rick (2015) Etymological Dictionary of the Baltic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 13), Leiden, Boston: Brill, ISBN 978 90 04 27898 1, pages 519–520