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Alternative forms[edit]


From Sanskrit जानाति (jānā́ti), from Proto-Indo-Aryan *ȷ́ānáHti, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *ȷ́ānáHti (compare Avestan 𐬰𐬀𐬥𐬄𐬥(zanąn), Old Persian 𐎧𐏁𐎴𐎠𐎿𐎠𐏃𐎹 (x-š-n-a-s-a-h-y /xšnāsāhiy/) (Persian شناختن(šenâxtan)), Northern Kurdish zanîn, from Proto-Indo-European *ǵn̥néh₃ti (to know) (compare Old Church Slavonic знати (znati), English know).


जानाति (jānāti)

  1. to know
  2. to understand, comprehend
  3. to notice


Alternative forms[edit]

Alternative scripts[edit]


From Proto-Indo-Aryan *ȷ́ānáHti, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *ȷ́ānáHti, from Proto-Indo-European *ǵn̥néh₃ti (to know), from *ǵneh₃- (to know). Cognate with Avestan 𐬰𐬀𐬥𐬄𐬥(zanąn), Old Persian 𐎧𐏁𐎴𐎠𐎿𐎠𐏃𐎹 (x-š-n-a-s-a-h-y /xšnāsāhiy/), Old Church Slavonic знати (znati), Old English cnāwan (whence English know).



जानाति (jānā́ti) (root ज्ञा, class 9, type P, present)

  1. to know, have knowledge, become acquainted with
  2. to perceive, apprehend, understand, experience, recognize, ascertain, investigate
  3. to know as, know or perceive that, regard or consider as
    1. (with मृषा (mṛṣā)) to consider as untrue
  4. to acknowledge, approve, allow
  5. to recognize as one's own, take possession of
  6. to visit as a friend
  7. to remember
  8. to engage in
  9. to make known, announce, teach anything
  10. to inform any one (with genitive) that
  11. to request, ask
  12. to wish to know or become acquainted with or learn, investigate, examine
  13. to wish for information about
  14. to conjecture


  • Ashokan Prakrit: 𑀚𑀸𑀦𑀢𑀺 (jānati) (see there for further descendants)
  • Dardic:
    • Dameli: [script needed] (zān)
    • Kalasha: [script needed] (ǰhonem)
    • Kashmiri: زانُن(zānun)
    • Khowar: [script needed] (žanik)
    • Phalura: [script needed] (ǰhōn)
    • Shumashti: [script needed] (zāni)
    • Torwali: [script needed] (ǰan)
  • Helu:
  • Pali: jānāti