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The origin of this word is not clear. Some connect it with žaunas (branchiae), from Proto-Baltic *žyuo-, from Proto-Indo-European *ǵ(y)ew-, *ǵyow- (to chew, to chaw); others compare it with žāklis (pitchfork) (cf. the archaic term žokla (pitchfork)). The latter comparison is more likely to be true.[1]


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žoklis m (2nd declension)

  1. (anatomy) jaw (facial bone which supports the teeth; area of the face where this bone is located)
    apakšējais, augšējais žoklislower, upper jaw
    žokļa kaulsjaw bone
    spēcīgi žokļistrong jaws
    plati atplest žokļusto open one's jaws wide
    kustināt žokļus ēdotto move (one's) jaws (while) eating
    cilvēkam pilnā zobu rindā katrā žoklī ir 16 zobu, tātad pavisam 32people have in every jaw a set of 16 teeth, i.e., in total 32
  2. (of animals) jaw (the corresponding structure in other animals)
    zivs muti norobežo kaula žokļi; žokļos ir sīki, atpakaļ atliekti zobiņi, kas ļoti labi noder barības notveršanaia fish's mouth is delimited by the jaw bones; in the jaws (there) are small, back-curved denticles, which are very useful for capturing food
  3. (technology) jaw-like component in a machine, tool, etc., for catching, holding or compressing something
    drupinātajā žokliscrusher jaw
    beidzot ekskavatora kausa žokļi paveras, grants smagi noplakšķ kravas kastēfinally the excavator bucket jaws opened, (and) the gravel splattered heavily in the cargo box



  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “žoklis”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, →ISBN