δαίμων

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From δαίομαι (daíomai, to divide) +‎ -μων (-mōn), from Proto-Indo-European *deh₂-i- (to divide, cut). For similar semantic development compare Old Persian 𐎲𐎥 (b-g /baga/, god), Sanskrit भग (bhága, dispenser, patron) (usually applied to gods) beside Avestan 𐬠𐬀𐬔𐬀-(baga-, part) and Sanskrit भजति (bhájati, to divide, apportion).

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Noun[edit]

δαίμων (daímōnm or f (genitive δαίμονος); third declension

  1. god, goddess
    1. divine power, deity
    2. guardian spirit (Latin genius), and so one's fate, destiny, fortune
  2. departed soul
  3. (ecclesiastical, biblical) demon, evil spirit

Usage notes[edit]

While δαίμων was sometimes used interchangeably with θεός (theós), when used together in a context, a δαίμων is usually a lower god than a θεός (theós).

Inflection[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]