δαίμων

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *deh₂-i- ‎(to divide, cut), whence also δαίομαι ‎(daíomai, to divide). For similar semantic development compare Old Persian 𐎲𐎥 ‎(baga, god), Sanskrit भग ‎(bhága, dispenser, patron) (usually applied to gods) beside Avestan 𐬠𐬀𐬔𐬀- ‎(baga-, part) and Sanskrit भजति ‎(bhájati, to divide, apportion).

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Noun[edit]

δαίμων ‎(daímōnm, f ‎(genitive δαίμονος); third declension daimwn daimon may be Romanised forms of Ancient Greek δαίμων.

  1. god, goddess
    1. divine power, deity
    2. guardian spirit (Latin genius), and so one's fate, destiny, fortune
  2. departed soul
  3. (ecclesiastical) demon, evil spirit

Usage notes[edit]

While δαίμων was sometimes used interchangeably with θεός ‎(theós), when used together in a context, a δαίμων is usually a lower god than a θεός ‎(theós).

Inflection[edit]

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