δαίμων

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *deh₂-i- ‎(to divide, cut), whence also δαίομαι ‎(daíomai, to divide). For similar semantic development compare Old Persian 𐎲𐎥 ‎(baga, god), Sanskrit भग ‎(bhága, dispenser, patron) (usually applied to gods) beside Avestan [script needed] ‎(baga-, part) and Sanskrit भजति ‎(bhajati, to divide, apportion).

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Noun[edit]

δαίμων ‎(daímōn) (genitive δαίμονος); m f, third declension

  1. god, goddess
    1. divine power, deity
    2. guardian spirit (Latin genius), and so one's fate, destiny, fortune
  2. departed soul
  3. (ecclesiastical) demon, evil spirit

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

While δαίμων ‎(daímōn) was sometimes used interchangeably with θεός ‎(theós), when used together in a context, a δαίμων ‎(daímōn) is usually a lower god than a θεός ‎(theós).

Inflection[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]