δαίμων

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From δαίομαι (daíomai, to divide) +‎ -μων (-mōn), from Proto-Indo-European *deh₂-i- (to divide, cut). For similar semantic development compare Old Persian 𐎲𐎥 (baga, god), Sanskrit भग (bhága, dispenser, patron) (usually applied to gods) beside Avestan 𐬠𐬀𐬔𐬀- (baga-, part) and Sanskrit भजति (bhájati, to divide, apportion).

Pronunciation[edit]

 
  • (5th BCE Attic) IPA(key): /daí̯.mɔːn/
  • (1st CE Egyptian) IPA(key): /ˈdɛ.mon/
  • (4th CE Koine) IPA(key): /ˈðɛ.mon/
  • (10th CE Byzantine) IPA(key): /ˈðe.mon/
  • (15th CE Constantinopolitan) IPA(key): /ˈðe.mon/
  • Noun[edit]

    δαίμων (daímōnm, f (genitive δαίμονος); third declension

    1. god, goddess
      1. divine power, deity
      2. guardian spirit (Latin genius), and so one's fate, destiny, fortune
    2. departed soul
    3. (ecclesiastical) demon, evil spirit

    Usage notes[edit]

    While δαίμων was sometimes used interchangeably with θεός (theós), when used together in a context, a δαίμων is usually a lower god than a θεός (theós).

    Inflection[edit]

    Derived terms[edit]

    Descendants[edit]

    References[edit]