κλῆρος

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *kleh₂-, from *kelh₂- (to hit, cut down). Cognate with κόλαφος (kólaphos), Latin clādes, Scots holt (a wood, copse, thicket), North Frisian holt (wood, timber), West Frisian hout (timber, wood), Dutch hout (wood, timber), German Holz (wood), Icelandic holt (woodland, hillock), Old Irish caill (forest, wood, woodland), Albanian shul (door latch).

An alternative etymology links Proto-Celtic *klāros (board, plank) (whence Proto-Brythonic *klọr, Old Irish clár), from Proto-Indo-European *kléh₂ros, assuming the original meaning of the Greek word was “piece of wood for casting lots”.[1] For this, the PIE root may be *kleh₂- (to lay out, lay down, set, load, stow).

Noun[edit]

κλῆρος (klêrosm (genitive κλήρου); second declension (Epic, Attic, Ionic, Koine)

  1. A lot
  2. That which is assigned by lot, an allotment
  3. A farm
  4. An inheritance
  5. The clergy

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Latin: clērus (see there for further descendants)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Matasović, Ranko (2009) , “*klāro-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, pages 206–207

Further reading[edit]