χθαμαλός

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *dʰǵʰemelo-, from *dʰéǵʰōm (earth) (whence χθών (khthṓn)). Cognate with Latin humilis, Phrygian ζεμελως (zemelōs, man).

Same Proto-Indo-European root gave both the nouns for man and earth (Proto-Indo-European *dʰéǵʰōm); compare Latin homō (human being, man) and humus (ground, soil), and similar semantic shift occurring in Semitic languages: Hebrew אָדָם (adám, man), אדמה (adamá, soil).

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Adjective[edit]

χθᾰμᾰλός (khthamalósm (feminine χθᾰμᾰλή, neuter χθᾰμᾰλόν); first/second declension

  1. low, near the ground, creeping
  2. sunken, flat
  3. epithet of Ithaca

Inflection[edit]

Further reading[edit]