χθαμαλός

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *dʰǵʰemelo-, from *dʰéǵʰōm (earth) (whence χθών (khthṓn)). Cognate with Latin humilis, Phrygian ζεμελως (zemelōs, man).

Same Proto-Indo-European root gave both the nouns for man and earth (Proto-Indo-European *dʰéǵʰōm); compare Latin homō (human being, man) and humus (ground, soil), and similar semantic shift occurring in Semitic languages: Hebrew אָדָם (adám, man), אדמה (adamá, soil).

Pronunciation[edit]

 
  • (5th BCE Attic) IPA(key): /kʰtʰa.ma.lós/
  • (1st CE Egyptian) IPA(key): /kʰtʰa.maˈlos/
  • (4th CE Koine) IPA(key): /xθa.maˈlos/
  • (10th CE Byzantine) IPA(key): /xθa.maˈlos/
  • (15th CE Constantinopolitan) IPA(key): /xθa.maˈlos/
  • Adjective[edit]

    χθᾰμᾰλός (khthamalósm (feminine χθᾰμᾰλή, neuter χθᾰμᾰλόν); first/second declension

    1. low, near the ground, creeping
    2. sunken, flat
    3. epithet of Ithaca

    Inflection[edit]

    Further reading[edit]