ցանկ

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Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Learned borrowing from Old Armenian ցանկ (cʿank)

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ցանկ (cʿank)

  1. (archaic) hedge, fence
  2. list, table of contents

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]


Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Ačaṙean derives from ց- (cʿ-, until) +‎ անկանիմ (ankanim, to fall) and explains the sense development as ‘to fall’ → ‘to end’ → ‘boundary’ → ‘hedge’, typologically comparing Latin cado (to fall; to end).[1][2] In this case, identical with ցանկ (cʿank, always).

Olsen derives from ց- (cʿ-) +‎ nasalized non-palatal variant of Proto-Indo-European *peh₂ǵ- (to attach).[3]

Scheftelowitz connected with Sanskrit शङ्कु m (śaṅkú-, pointed peg), Old Church Slavonic сѫкъ (sǫkŭ, branch).[4]

Martirosyan proposes derivation from Proto-Indo-European *s-kagʰ-no-, from *kagʰ-.[5] In this case, ցանգ (cʿang) is the oldest form.

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

ցանկ (cʿank)

  1. hedge, fence
    պատել, փակել ցանկովpatel, pʿakel cʿankovto surround with hedges, to fence in
    ցանկ արկանելcʿank arkanelto hedge in, to encompass, to surround
  2. list, table of contents
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971), “անկանիլ”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), volume I, 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press, page 198b
  2. ^ Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1979), “ցանկ”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), volume IV, 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press, page 450b
  3. ^ Olsen, Birgit Anette (1999) The noun in Biblical Armenian: origin and word-formation: with special emphasis on the Indo-European heritage (Trends in linguistics. Studies and monographs; 119), Berlin, New York: Mouton de Gruyter, page 754
  4. ^ Scheftelowitz, J. (1904), “Zur altarmenischen lautgeschichte”, in Beiträge zur kunde der indogermanischen Sprachen (in German), volume 28, pages 287–288
  5. ^ Martirosyan, Hrach (2010) Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 8), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 624

Further reading[edit]

  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M. (1837), “ցանկ”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), volume II, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy, page 908a
  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V. (1879), “ցանկ”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy, page 714b

Etymology 2[edit]

From ց- (cʿ-, until) +‎ անկանիմ (ankanim, to fall), i.e. ‘till the end’.[1][2]

Alternative forms[edit]

Adverb[edit]

ցանկ (cʿank)

  1. always, continually
    • 5th century, Bible, Luke 22.28
      Եւ դուք էք որ ցանգ կայիք ընդ իս ի փորձութիւնս իմ։
      Ew dukʿ ēkʿ or cʿang kayikʿ ənd is i pʿorjutʿiwns im.
      Ye are they which have continued with me in my temptations.
Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971), “անկանիլ”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), volume I, 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press, page 198b
  2. ^ Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1979), “ցանկ”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), volume IV, 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press, page 450b

Further reading[edit]

  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M. (1837), “ցանկ”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), volume II, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy, page 908ab
  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V. (1879), “ցանկ”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy, page 714b

Etymology 3[edit]

The origin is uncertain.[1]

Noun[edit]

ցանկ (cʿank)

  1. desire, love, lust
Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1979), “ցանկ”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), volume IV, 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press, page 450b

Further reading[edit]

  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M. (1837), “ցանկ”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), volume II, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy, page 908a
  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V. (1879), “ցանկ”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy, page 714b

Etymology 4[edit]

The origin is unknown.[1] Attested only in dictionaries.

Noun[edit]

ցանկ (cʿank)

  1. (anatomy) secundine, afterbirth

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1979), “ցանկ”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), volume IV, 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press, page 450b

Further reading[edit]

  • Awgerean, Mkrtičʿ (1865), “ցանկ”, in Aṙjeṙn baṙaran haykaznean lezui [Pocket Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Armenian), corrected and expanded by Čēlalean, Grigor, 2nd edition, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy, page 797a
  • J̌axǰaxean, Manuēl (1837), “ցանկ”, in Baṙgirkʿ i barbaṙ hay ew italakan [Armenian–Italian Dictionary], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy, page 1408a
  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V. (1879), “ցանկ”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy, page 714b