անկանիմ

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Old Armenian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Composed of the root անկ- ‎(ank-), from Proto-Indo-European *sn̥gʷ- ‎(to sink, fall), +‎ -ան- ‎(-an-). Cognate with Proto-Germanic *sinkwaną. The root is also used independently as անկ ‎(ank), յանգ ‎(yang), ցանկ ‎(cʿank). See further in ընկենում ‎(ənkenum).

Verb[edit]

անկանիմ ‎(ankanim)  (aorist indicative անկայ)

  1. (intransitive) to fall; to drop
    անկանել ընդ‎ ― ankanel ənd ― to sink under
    անկանել յոտս ուրուք‎ ― ankanel yots urukʿ ― to throw one's self or fall at the feet of some one
    անկանել ի վերայ երեսաց‎ ― ankanel i veray eresacʿ ― to fall upon one's face, to prostrate
    անկանել ի միտս, զմտօք, ի սիրտ‎ ― ankanel i mits, zmtōkʿ, i sirt ― to remember, to recall
    անկանել ի մտաց‎ ― ankanel i mtacʿ ― to become mad, to lose one's reason
    անկանել ի յուսոյ‎ ― ankanel i yusoy ― to lose hope, to become desperate
    անկանել երեսաց‎ ― ankanel eresacʿ ― to be put out of countenance, to be abashed
    անկանել յիշխանութենէ‎ ― ankanel yišxanutʿenē ― to lose one's authority, to fall from one's power
  2. (intransitive) to fall (of hair, cloths); to descend, to flow
  3. (intransitive) to get (somewhere); to find oneself (somewhere)
    անկանել ի ճանապարհ, ի չու, յուղի‎ ― ankanel i čanaparh, i čʿu, yułi ― to voyage, to travel
  4. (intransitive) to chance, to happen; to fall to somebody's lot
    անկանել ի ձեռս ուրուք‎ ― ankanel i jeṙs urukʿ ― to fall in the hands or power of someone
  5. (intransitive) to come together; to be fitted together; to become friends
    անկանել յոք‎ ― ankanel yokʿ ― to associate with (someone), to be intimate with, to confide in
  6. (intransitive) to fall under, to become subject to (service, one's charms, bonds, illness, etc.)
    անկանել ընդ‎ ― ankanel ənd ― to undergo
  7. (intransitive) to pass away, to die (especially in war)
    անկանել ի կենաց, յարեւէ անկանել‎ ― ankanel i kenacʿ, yarewē ankanel ― to die, to lose one's life
  8. (intransitive) to fall to ruin, to decay, to be impaired, to decline, to fail
  9. (intransitive) to devote oneself to; to be busy with; to engage in
    անկանել զբանիւք‎ ― ankanel zbaniwkʿ ― to hold a long discourse
  10. (intransitive) to fall on (enemies, etc.), to fall (of sleep, clouds, cool)
    անկանել ի վերայ‎ ― ankanel i veray ― to come upon unawares, to attack, to surprise
  11. (intransitive) to steal away, to slip away, to escape
  12. (intransitive) to sin, to transgress, to fall
  13. (intransitive) to fall out with, to argue; to fight
    անկանել ընդ ումեք, ընդ միմեանս, այր ընդ այր‎ ― ankanel ənd umekʿ, ənd mimeans, ayr ənd ayr ― to come to blows, to fight, to combat, to quarrel, to dispute

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • անկանիմ in Mathias Bedrossian (1879), New Dictionary Armenian–English, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • անկանիմ in Gabriēl Awetikʿean, Xačʿatur Siwrmēlean, Mkrtičʿ Awgerean (1836–37), Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language, a.k.a. NHB], in 2 vols, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • անկանիլ in Hračʿeay Ačaṙean (1971–79), Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words], in 4 vols (second edition), Yerevan: Yerevan State University [Reprint of the original edition: 1926–1935, in 7 volumes, Yerevan]
  • “ankanim” in Hrach Martirosyan (2010), Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon, Leiden, Boston: Brill Academic Publishers, ISBN 9789004173378, page 90